330 - Ch130 cards

Tagged as: biochemistry, biology, fitness, nursing, medical, medicine, geology, economics, microbiology, pathology, pharmacology

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1

What’s the difference between an essential and non-essential nutrient?

Non-essential: body can make the nutrient from other nutrients Essential: must come from diet and meet 3 criteria

2

Non-Essential Nutrient

body can make the nutrient from other nutrients

3

Essential Nutrient

Must come from diet and meet 3 criteria 1 deficiency causes health problem 2 normal function regained if added back 3biologic function identified



6

What are the 2 categories of vitamins?

Fat soluble Water soluble

7

What are the 2 categories of minerals?

Trace minerals (need less than 100 mg) Major minerals (need more than 100 mg


9

How does the DSHEA classify nutritional supplements?

Classifies vitamins, minerals, amino acids, herbal remedies as “foods”

10

What role does the FDA have in regulating supplements?

FDA must prove this “food” is unsafe before it can be pulled from the shelf

11

Name 4 some of the “red flags” when it comes to identifying questionable nutrition advice.

1 – Natural 2 – Quick & Easy Fixes 3 – Satisfaction Guaranteed 4 – One Product Does It All

12

Name 4 some of the “red flags” when it comes to identifying questionable nutrition advice. (CONT)

5 – Time Tested 6 – Paranoid Accusations 7 – Personal Testimonies 8 – Meaningless Medical Jargon

13

When assessing your disease potential, what is the relationship between your relatives and your risk?

-Your risk inc. if you have more relatives with diseases -Your risk increases if relationship to relative(s) is closer -highest risk if you have 2 1st degree relatives with a specific dis. 1st degree relative; mother/ father/ sibling -higher risk if disease developed in first degree relative before age 50

14

A 24 hour diet recall reveals that 400 grams of carbs, 70 grams of fat and 68 grams of protein were consumed.

How many total calories would that be and what % of calories came from carbs, fat and protein?

15

Triglyceride is the major form of lipid What are the 4 categories?

1. Saturated Fats 2. Trans fats 3. Monounsaturated fats 4. Polyunsaturated fats (essential)

16

Basic Unit of Protein & Types & #?

(9) Essential amino acids (11) Nonessential amino acids

17

Classifications of Carbs?

Simple or Complex

18

Name the 6 classes of nutrients and the general characteristics of each.

1 Carbs - Fuel 2 Lipids - 4 types 3 Protien - Make up Bones, Muscles, other, & made of amino acids 4 Vitamins 5 Minerals 6 Water

19

What composes Carbs & ...?

-Composed of C, H, O -Provide a major source of fuel for the body, Especially during intense activities

20

What composes Lipids & ...?

– Composed of C, H and few O -Triglyceride is the major form of lipid

21

What composes Protien & ...?

-Composed of C, H, O and N -Make up bones, muscles, other tissues

22

Vitamins

– Composed of various elements Vital to life, participate in metabolic pathways 2 categories: Fat soluble Water soluble Needed in tiny amounts, no calories

23

Minerals

– Some contribute to body structure (calcium) 2 categories: Trace minerals (need <100 mg) Major minerals (need >100 mg) Needed in tiny amounts, no calories

24

Water

– Composed of H, O Is a solvent, lubricant, medium for transport, chemical processes, and temperature regulator Makes up majority of our body (60%) Yields no calories

25

Hey

Quite Fucking Slacking Jack Ass

26

Epidemiology

-The study of diseases in populations -diet-disease pattern, which then forms basis for lab studies

27

Case-Control Study (give example)

-Researchers compare people who do and those who don’t have a particular condition -Will try and match in age and gender and other variables so differences in other factors will stand out -Example: People who have diabetes are overweight.

28

Cohort Study (give example)

-Researchers analyze data from a selected group of people (cohort) at intervals over a certain period of time. -Example: Framingham heart study has followed 5,000 participants over the last 60 years and found those with high cholesterol more likely to have heart attack.

29

Double Blind Study

-Neither researchers or subjects know which group they’re in (referred to as double blind) -Reduces chances of placebo effect

30

Placebo

-Fake -Participant who wasn’t receiving treatment but thought they were and reported feeling better