6th grade SS Final exam review44 cards

Tagged as: nursing, art, religion, english, language, history, business, government, philosophy, biology, fitness, german, french, italian

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1

fief

a property given to a vassal in exchange for loyalty in the middle ages

2

chivalry

the qualities of the ideal knight, including politeness, bravery, honor and protecting the weak

3

humanism

an idea important to the Renaissance that focused on human values and what people can achieve in this world

4

Gothic

a style of architecture developed in Europe between 1100 and 1500. It was characterized by pointed arches, rib vaulting and flying buttresses

5

serf

a person who was bound to work on a nobles manor in the middle ages

6

Feudalism

starting in Europe around AD 800, a system for organizing and governing society based on land and service

7

Crusades

Any of the journeys and battles undertaken by European Christians between 1095 and 1270 to win control of the Holy Land from the Muslems

8

Indulgences

a pardon from punishment for a sin in exchange for an offering in the Roman Catholic Church

9

Patron

a supporter of the arts

10

manor

a large self sufficient estate granted to a lord and worked by serfs in the middle ages

11

vassal

A noble who usually was given a fief by his lord in exchange for loyalty in the middle ages

12

Magna Carta

A legal document written by English Lords in 1215. It stated that certain rights of the barons merchants and clergy, which limited the power of the King

13

Reformation

A movement beginning in Europe in the 1500s to bring reform to the Roman Catholic Church and leading to Protestantism

14

Renaissance

A period of great cultural and artistic change that began in Italy around 1350 and spread throughout Europe

15

Imperialism

The extension of a nations power over other lands by military, political or economic means

16

Industrial Revolution

A time when great technological advances changed the way goods we made and the ways people lived. It began in the 1700s and then spread throughout Europe and the United States

17

middle class

a class society that includes professionals and business people that began to grow during the industrial revolution

18

absolute monarchy

a ruler or monarch with unlimited power

19

socialism

an economic and political system based on collective or government ownership and of all resources and industry. It is also a political philosophy based on the writings of Karl Marx

20

nationalism

a strong loyalty to ones own country and culture

21

diet

a constitution and parliment created by the Meiji government

22

factory

a building in which machines are used to manufacture goods are located

23

Meiji restoration

the overthrow of Japan shogun in 1868 and restoration of power to the Emperor Meiji

24

Tsar

The title of Russia's emperor before 1917

25

communism

a political and economic system in which the government controls all land and industry

26

Martin Luther

German monk and leader of the Protestant reformation

27

Napolean Bonaparte

French revolutionary who became emperor Napoleon of France in 1804

28

Marie Antoinette

Queen of France from 1774 to 1793. She was executed during the French revolution

29

Maximillan Rosebespierre

French revolutionary leader during the reign of terror

30

Leonardo DaVinci

Italian Renaissance artist, inventor and scientist

31

William Shakespeare

English dramatist and poet

32

Louis XVI

King of France; executed during the French revolution

33

Henry VIII

King of England from 1509 to 1547 and the founder of the church of England

34

Elizabeth I

Queen of England from 1558 to 1603

35

Miguel Hidalgo

Mexican priest and revolutionary who led a revolt and started the Mexican War of Imdependance

36

Karl Marx

German philosopher, economist and socialist

37

Simon Bolivar

leader of the struggle for independence in South America

38

Lenin

Bolshevic leader and founder of the Soviet Union

39

Stalin

Soviet revolutionary and dictator who ruled the Soviet Union from 1927 to 1953

40

Woodrow Wilson

28th president of the United States. During WWI he helped establish the league of nations

41

Winston Churchill

British Prime Minister from 1940 to 1945 and 1951 to 1955

42

Franklin D. Roosevelt

The 32nd president of the US. He led the nation against the allied powers in WWI

43

Harry Truman

33rd president. He was vice president with Roosevelt. He became president after Roosevelt died

44

Adolf Hitler

German dictator; founded the National Socialist (NAZI) party which led Germany during WWII