Start learning this material nowGet Started
6th grade science final exam40 cards
Tagged as: nursing, algebra, math, earth, history, astronomyCopy deck
Large, circular shaped opening formed with the top of a volcano collapses
An igneous rock feature formed when magma is squeezed into a horizontal crack between two layers of rock and hardens underground
igneous rock feature formed when magma is squeezed into a vertical crack that cuts across rock layers and hardens underground
volcano built by alternating explosive and quiet eruptions that produce layers of tephra and lava; mostly where earths plates come together and one plate sinks below the other
Steep-sided, loosely packed volcano formed when tephra falls to the ground
Broad, gently sloping volcano formed by quiet eruptions of basaltic lava
Any rainwater that does not sink into the ground or evaporate, but flows over earths surface; generally flows into streams and has the ability to erode and carry sediments
Broad C-shaped curve in a river or stream, formed by erosion of its outer bank
Water that soaks into the ground and collects in pores and empty spaces; an important source of drinking water
Describes soil and rock with connecting pores through which water can flow
Describes materials that water cannot pass through
Remains, imprints, or traces of prehistoric organisms what can tell when and where organisms once lived and how they lived
The age of something compared with other things
The age, in years, of a rock or other objects; can be determined by using properties of the atoms that can make up maerials
An organism with a three-lobed exoskeleton that was abundant in Paleozoic oceans and is considered to be an index fossil
The longest subdivision in the geologic time scale that is based on the abundance of certain types of fossils and is subdivided into eras, periods, and epochs.
The second long-subdivision in the geologic time scale; it is subdivided into periods and is based on major worldwide changes in types of fossils
The third longest division of geologic time scale; it is subdivided into epochs and is characterized by the types of life that existed worldwide
A supercontinent formed at the end of the Paleozoic era when sea level dropped and continents came together to form one giant land-mass
Earths air, which is made up of a thin layer of gases, solids, and liquids; forms a protective layer around the planet and is divided into five distinct layers
The layer of the stratosphere with a high concentration of ozone; it absorbs most of the sun's harmful ultraviolet radiotion
A type of energy that comes to Earth from the sun. It can damage skin and cause cancer. It is mostly absorbed by the ozone layer
the transfer of thermal energy by the moving of molecules from one place to another in a liquid or gas; the type of transfer of thermal energy that produces weather.
the transfer of kinetic energy from a faster moving molecule to a slower moving molecule that isn't moving place to place but is moving in place.
the energy that is transferred by waves or rays in all directions from its source.
The process in which water vapor changes into a liquid
The narrow belt of strong winds that blows near the top of the troposphere
The amount of water vapor held in the air
The measure if the amount of moisture held in the air compared with the amount it can hold in at a given temperature; it can range from 0 % to 100%
A large body of air that has the same characteristics of temperature and moisture content as part of Earth's surface over which it formed
The boundary between two air masses with different temperatures, density or moistures; can be cold, warm, occluded and stationary
The spinning of the Earth on it's imaginary axis, which takes about 24 hours to complete, and causes day and night to occur
The earth's year-long elliptical orbit around the sun
Describes the phases that occur following a new moon, as more of the moons lighted side becomes visible
Describes the phases that occur after a full moon, as the visible lighted side of the moon grows smaller
Occurs when the moon passes directly between the sun and earth and casts a shadow over part of the earth
Occurs when the earth's shadow falls on the moon
The phase that occurs when all of the moon's surface facing the earth reflects light
The moon phase that occurs when the moon is between the Earth and the sun at which point the moon cannot be seen because it's lighted half is facing the sun and its dark side faces the earth
The imaginary vertical line that cuts through the center of the earth and around which the earth spins.
Ready to start studying? Once you get going, we'll notify you when it is time to study next.