ANTHROPOLOGY FINAL22 cards

Tagged as: criminal justic, law, fitness, government, algebra, math

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1

AGE SET

Group uniting all men or women born during a certain time span

2

AGE SET

This group controls property and often has political and military functions

3

BIG MAN

Regional figure found among tribal horiticulturalists and pastoralists.

4

BIG MAN

Occupies no office but creates his reputation through entrepreneurship and generosity to others.

5

BIG MAN

Neither his wealth nor his position pass to his heirs

6

CHEIFDOM

Formof sociopolitical organization intermediate between the tribe and state

7

CHIEFDOM

Kin-based with differential access to resources and a permanent political structure

8

DIFFERENTIAL ACCESS

Unequal access to resources; basic attribute of cheifdoms and states

9

DIFFERENTIAL ACCESS

Superordinates have favored access to resources, while subordinates is limited by superordinates

10

FISCAL

Pertaining to finances and taxation

11

VILLAGE HEAD

A local leader in a tribal society who has limited authority, leads by example and persuasion, and must be generous

12

LAW

A legal code, including trial and enforcement, characteristic of state-organized societies

13

OFFICE

Permanent political position

14

POWER

The ability to exercise one's will over others--to do what one wants.

15

POWER

The basis of political status

16

PRESTIGE

Esteem, respect, or approval for acts, deeds, or qualities considered exemplary

17

SOCIAL CONTROL

Those fields of the social system (beliefs, practices, and institutions) that are most actively involved in the maintenance of norms and the regulation of conflict

18

PANTRIBAL SODALITY

A non-kin-based group that exists throughout a tribe, spanning several villages

19

STATE

Sociopolitical organization based on central government and socioeconomic stratification

20

STATE

A division of society into classes

21

STRATIFICATION

Characteristic of a system with socioeconomic strata

22

STRATIFICATION

Groups that contrast in regard to social status and access to strategic resources.