AP Eng Vocab Words 150 cards

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1

alliteration

the use of the same consonant or of a vowel, not necessarily the same vowel, at the beginning of each word or each stressed syllable in a line of verse, as in "around the rock the ragged rascal ran"

2

allusion

a passing reference; oblique or obscure mention

3

ambiguity

doubtfulness or uncertainty of meaning or intention

4

anachronism

something or someone that is not in its correct historical or chronological time, especially a thing or person that belongs to an earlier time

5

analogy

a similarity between like features of two things, on which a comparison may be based

6

anapest

a foot of three syllables, two short followed by one long in quantitative meter, and two unstressed followed by one stressed in accentual meter, as in "for the nonce"

7

anecdote

a short account of a particular incident or event, especially of an interesting or amusing nature.

8

antagonist

a person who is opposed to, struggles against, or competes with another; opponent; adversary.

9

antecedent

a word, phrase, or clause, usually a substantive, that is replaced by a pronoun or other substitute later, or occasionally earlier, in the same or in another, usually subsequent, sentence. In "Jane lost a glove and she can't find it, Jane is the ___

10

antithesis

the placing of a sentence or one of its parts against another to which it is opposed to form a balanced contrast of ideas, as in “Give me liberty or give me death.”

11

aphorism

a terse saying embodying a general truth, or astute observation, as “Power tends to corrupt, and absolute power corrupts absolutely” (Lord Acton).

12

apostrophe

a digression in the form of an address to someone not present, or to a personified object or idea, as “O Death, where is thy sting?”

13

archetype

the original pattern or model from which all things of the same kind are copied or on which they are based; a model or first form; prototype.

14

assonance

the use of the same vowel sound with different consonants or the same consonant with different vowels in successive words or stressed syllables, as in a line of verse. Examples are time and light or mystery and mastery

15

blank verse

unrhymed verse, especially the unrhymed iambic pentameter most frequently used in English dramatic, epic, and reflective verse.

16

cacophony

a discordant and meaningless mixture of sounds: "the ____ produced by city traffic at midday"

17

catharsis

the purging of the emotions or relieving of emotional tensions, especially through certain kinds of art, as tragedy or music.

18

chiasmus

a reversal in the order of words in two otherwise parallel phrases, as in “He went to the country, to the town went she.”

19

conceit

1.an excessively favorable opinion of one's own ability, importance, wit, etc. 2.something that is conceived in the mind; a thought; idea: He jotted down the conceits of his idle hours. 3.imagination; fancy. 4.a fancy; whim; fanciful notion. 5.

20

connotation

the associated or secondary meaning of a word or expression in addition to its explicit or primary meaning: A possible connotation of “home” is “a place of warmth, comfort, and affection.”

21

consonance

accord or agreement: or correspondence of sounds; harmony of sounds.

22

denotation

a word that names or signifies something specific: “Wind” is the _____ for air in natural motion. “Poodle” is the _____ for a certain breed of dog.

23

diction

word choice

24

didactic

intended for instruction; instructive

25

enjambment

the running on of the thought from one line, couplet, or stanza to the next without a syntactical break.

26

epigraph

an inscription, especially on a building, statue, or the like or an apposite quotation at the beginning of a book, chapter, etc

27

epiphany

a sudden, intuitive perception of or insight into the reality or essential meaning of something, usually initiated by some simple, homely, or commonplace occurrence or experience. or a literary work or section of a work presenting, usually symbol

28

epithet

any word or phrase applied to a person or thing to describe an actual or attributed quality: “Richard the Lion-Hearted” is an ____ of Richard I.

29

euphemism

to sugar coat

30

euphony

the alteration of speech sounds, esp by assimilation, so as to make them easier to pronounce or a pleasing sound, esp in speech

31

farce

a light, humorous play in which the plot depends upon a skillfully exploited situation rather than upon the development of character.

32

foil

a person or thing that makes another seem better by contrast: "The straight man was an able ____ to the comic.

33

foreshadowing

to show or indicate beforehand;

34

free verse

verse that does not follow a fixed metrical pattern.

35

hyperbole

obvious and intentional exaggeration.

36

foreshadowing

to show or indicate beforehand;

37

free verse

verse that does not follow a fixed metrical pattern.

38

hyperbole

obvious and intentional exaggeration.

39

iambic pentameter

usd by shakespeare

40

imagery

figurative description or illustration;

41

inversion

reversal of the usual or natural order of words; anastrophe.

42

irony

an outcome of events contrary to what was, or might have been, expected.

43

metaphor

a comparison without using like or as

44

metonymy

the substitution of a word referring to an attribute for the thing that is meant, as for example the use of the crown to refer to a monarch

45

onomatopoeia

the formation of a word, as cuckoo, meow, honk, or boom, by imitation of a sound made by or associated with its referent.

46

oxymoron

a figure of speech by which a locution produces an incongruous, seemingly self-contradictory effect, as in “cruel kindness” or “to make haste slowly.”

47

paradox

a statement or proposition that seems self-contradictory or absurd but in reality expresses a possible truth.

48

parallel structure

The same grammatical structure of parts within a sentence or of sentences within a paragraph

49

parody

Imitates or mocks another work or type of literature. Like a caricature in art, parody in literature mimics a subject or a style. Its purpose may be to ridicule, to broaden understanding of, or to add insight to the original work.

50

pathos

the quality or power, esp in literature or speech, of arousing feelings of pity, sorrow, etc