AP Gov Chapter 334 cards

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1

Block Grants

Money from the national government that states can spend within broad guidelines determined by wasington :)

2

Categorical Grants

Federal grants for specific purposes, such as building an airport

3

Conditions of Aid

Terms set by the national govenment that states must meet if they are to receive certain federal funds

4

Devolution

The effort to transfer responsibility for many public programs and services from the federal government to the states

5

Dual federalism

Doctrine holding that the national government is supreme in it's sphere, the states are supreme in theirs, and the two spheres should be kept separate

6

Block Grants

Money from the national government that states can spend within broad guidelines determined by wasington :)

7

Categorical Grants

Federal grants for specific purposes, such as building an airport

8

Conditions of Aid

Terms set by the national govenment that states must meet if they are to receive certain federal funds

9

Devolution

The effort to transfer responsibility for many public programs and services from the federal government to the states

10

Dual federalism

Doctrine holding that the national government is supreme in it's sphere, the states are supreme in theirs, and the two spheres should be kept separate

11

Express preemption

A federal law or regulation containing language explicitly displacing or superceeding any contrary state or local laws

12

Federalism

A political system in which there are local Units of government, as well as national government, and powers are shared between the local units and national government

13

Grants-in-aid

Money given by the national government to the states

14

Implied Preemption

A federal law or regulation containing language that conflicts with state or local laws, cannot be effictively implemented due to such laws, or concerns matters like treaty-making in which Washington has exclusive

15

Block Grants

Money from the national government that states can spend within broad guidelines determined by wasington :)

16

Categorical Grants

Federal grants for specific purposes, such as building an airport

17

Conditions of Aid

Terms set by the national govenment that states must meet if they are to receive certain federal funds

18

Devolution

The effort to transfer responsibility for many public programs and services from the federal government to the states

19

Dual federalism

Doctrine holding that the national government is supreme in it's sphere, the states are supreme in theirs, and the two spheres should be kept separate

20

Express preemption

A federal law or regulation containing language explicitly displacing or superceeding any contrary state or local laws

21

Federalism

A political system in which there are local Units of government, as well as national government, and powers are shared between the local units and national government

22

Grants-in-aid

Money given by the national government to the states

23

Implied Preemption

A federal law or regulation containing language that conflicts with state or local laws, cannot be effictively implemented due to such laws, or concerns matters like treaty-making in which Washington has exclusive constitutional powers

24

Intitiative

Process that permits voters to put legislative measures directly on the ballot

25

Mandates

Terms set by the national government that states must meet whether or not they accept federal grants

26

Necessary and Proper Clause

Section of the constituon allowing congress to pass all laws "necessary and proper" to its duties, and which has permitted congress to exercise powers not specially given to it by the constitution

27

Nullification

The doctrine that a state can declare and void a federal law that, in the state's opinion, violates the constitution

28

Police power

State power to enact laws promoting health, safety, and morals

29

Recall

Procedure whereby voters can remove and elected official from office

30

Referendum

Procedure enabling voters to reject a measure passed by the legislature

31

Revenue sharing

Federal sharing of a fixed percentage of its revenue with the states

32

Second-order devolution

The flow of power and money from the states to the local governments

33

Third-order devolution

The increased role on nonprofit organizations and private groups in policy implementation

34

Waiver

A decision by an administrative agency granting some other part permission to violate a law or rule that would otherwise apply to it