Abnormal Psychology Test 2: Mood Disorders Cont.21 cards

Tagged as: psychology, biology, medical, medicine, nursing, music

 copy deck Copy deck

1

Etiology of Mood Disorders, Social/ Environmental Factors:

Stressful Life Events: Loss Threats to important relationships or job Chronic stress interpersonal conflicts

2

Etiology of Mood Disorders, Biological Factors:

Genetics: Family Pedigree Studies Twin Studies Adoption Studies Molecular Biology Studies (gene abnormality)

3

Etiology of Mood Disorders, Biological Factors:

Biochemicals: Neurotransmitters= Norepinephrine and serotonin Hormones: Hypothalamic Pituitary Adrenal (HPA) axis and Cortisol

4

Etiology of Mood Disorders, Social/ Environmental Factors:

Stressful Life Events: Loss Threats to important relationships or job Chronic stress interpersonal conflicts

5

Etiology of Mood Disorders, Biological Factors:

Genetics: Family Pedigree Studies Twin Studies Adoption Studies Molecular Biology Studies (gene abnormality)

6

Etiology of Mood Disorders, Biological Factors:

Biochemicals: Neurotransmitters= Norepinephrine and serotonin Hormones: Hypothalamic Pituitary Adrenal (HPA) axis and Cortisol

7

Etiology of Mood Disorders,Neurological Disorder

Pathophysiological brain changes Depression secondary to... Multiple Sclerosis Parkinson's Disease Dementia Cardiovascular Disease Stroke Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)

8

Freud's psychodynamic theory to mood disorders

*Depression results from unconscious grief over real or imagined losses, compounded by excessive dependence on other people *Symbolic loss= grief over loss as the basis for depression *Over-dependence *Introjection= anger, sadness, all feelings t

9

Aaron Beck's Cognitive theory of depression

Depression results fro ma tendency to interpret life events negatively Negative triad: self, world, future Negative cognitive schemata Cognitive biases

10

Cognitive Distortions

Arbitrary influence Selective abstraction overgeneralization magnification

11

Martin Seligman cognitive theory of depression

learned "helplessness" depressive "attributional style" "contribute to sense of hopelessness"

12

Interpersonal theory of depression, depression results from 4 main interpersonal problems

1. interpersonal loss 2. interpersonal role dispute 3. interpersonal role transition 4. interpersonal deficits

13

Depressed individuals

elicit rejection from others, have inadequate social skills across variety of situations, and seek temporary reassurance from others

14

Psychodynamic therapy says...

Depression results from unconscious grief over real or imagined losses, compounded by excessive dependence on other people

15

Psychodynamic Therapy uses

Basic procedures of all psychological disorders including free association and therapist interpretation research has mixed findings limitations

16

Personality trait therapy...

temperament= personality traits with genetic basis that are observable in infancy positive temperament= positive affect neuroticism Clark "temperament serve as vulnerability factors to major groupings of mental disorders"

17

Behavioral therapy...

Lewinsohn A person's mood is related to their life rewards Reintroduce clients to pleasurable activities and events Reinforce depressive and non-depressive behaviors Help them improve social skills

18

Beck's Cognitive therapy...

Depression caused by a pattern of negative thinking that may be triggered by current upsetting situations help clients recognize negative processes

19

Beck's therapy phases...

4 phases (less than 20 minutes) 1. increasing activities and elevate mood 2. challenging automatic thoughts 3. identifying negative thinking and biases 4. changing primary attitudes/schemas

20

Interpersonal therapy

This model holds that 4 interpersonal problems may lead to depression and must be addressed: interpersonal loss, role dispute, role transition, and deficits

21

Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT)

involves applying brief electrical current to brain results in temporary seizures usually 6 to 20 treatments are required for SEVERE cases of depression side effects can be short term memory loss relapse is common