Abnormal Psychology Test 2: Mood Disorders13 cards

Tagged as: psychology, history, nursing, medical, medicine

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What makes Mood disorders abnormal?

Normal vs. Clinical Mood Disturbance: Symptoms greater in number, severity, duration, interference with functioning


General mood presentation throughout episode:

Depressed, manic, hypomanic


Major depressive episode must include:

depressed mood or diminished interest


Manic episode includes:

1 week of persistently high, expansive, or irritable mood


Hypomanic episode includes:

4 days, does not impair ability to work or maintain social responsibilities, not euthymia


Mixed episode includes:

1 week of both manic and major depressive symptoms with rapidly alternating moods. Common symptoms are agitation, insomnia, irregular appetite, delusions, and suicidal ideation


Major Depressive Disorder (MDD)

the presence of major Depressive Episode + no history of manic or hypomanic episode + not accounted for by psychotic disorder


Dysthymic Disorder

Defined by persistently depressed mood that continues for at least 2 years + symptoms of depression are milder than major depression + symptoms can persist unchanged over long periods (20 years or more)


Depression Etiology:

Stressful Life Events: loss, threats to important relationships or job, serious health problem, chronic stress, interpersonal conflicts


Biological Factors to Depression, Genetics:

Family Pedigree Studies, Probands Twin Studies Adoption Studies


Biological Factors to Depression, Biochemicals

Neurotransmitters- Norepinephrine, Serotonin, Dopamine Hormones- Hypothalamic Pituitary Adernal (HPA) axis & Cortisol


Biological Factors to Depression, Neurological Disorder

Pathophysiological brain changes Depression secondary to... Multiple Sclerosis Parkinson's Disease Dementia Cardiovascular Disease Stroke Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)


Biological Factors to Depression, Biological Rhythms

Sleep Circadian rhythms Sunlight and seasons (seasonal affective disorder)