Barron's AP Euro19 cards

Tagged as: italian, art, religion, language, latin, literature, philosophy

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1

The Renaissance

The period of artistic,cultral, and intellectual revival, and rebirth.

2

quattrocento

italian for 15th century.

3

city-states

ruled wide areas of surrounding countryside.

4

The Medici Family

the most famous dynasty who used their vast wealth to govern city-states amd to patronize illustrious artists.

5

Leonardo da Vinci

aka "renasiance man". he was a painter, sculptor, architect, engineer, writer, and scientist.

6

Michelangelo Buonarroti

primarily a sculptor, his work pieta is often considered the most perfect marble carving

7

Petrarch

considered first "modern" writer, wrote sonnets in italian,

8

Boccaccio

a contemporary of Petrarch, his most famous work is Decameron, entertaining tales upon the human condition

9

Baldassare Castiglione

wrote a manual called the book of courtier, he wrote it because the manners then where terrible

10

Niccolo Machiavelli

wrote the prince. meant as a guide book for smaller nations that are being threaten by bigger nations.

11

Desiderius Erasmus

wrote on humanist issues in purified latin, wrote greek and latin editions of the bible, he was the most famous and influential of his time

12

Thomas More

wrote the book Utopia, it criticized the correctable abuses of various institutions and offered blueprint for a perfect society. he was beheaded for not supporting the king against the pope.

13

Johann Gutenberg

first to make interchangeable moveable type from lead molds.

14

Albrecht Durer

was one of the master artists in his era. was a mathematician who painted landscapes and self-portraits at age thirteen.

15

Elizabethan age

an era of intense nationalism, produced by the resolution of dynastic rivalries and religious turmoil, gave birth to the greatest vernacular literature of all time.

16

Luara Cereta

well known humanist and early feminist, probably taught moral philosophy at university of Padua. wrote Epistolae familiars (familiar letters) were widely criticized for her criticism of 15th century gender bias

17

secularism

is the movement toward modernization and away from traditional religion.

18

humanism

the study of ancient philosophers, teachings of Greco-Roman ideas secular issues in politics, foundation for language, focus of individualism.

19

individualism

"man is the measure of all things". a sense of human power replaced religious awe, pleasure and accomplishment superseded the medieval dedication to the cloistered life of the clergy.