Biology Mid-term100 cards

Tagged as: biology, earth, nursing, microbiology, medical, medicine, communications, act, education, language, chemistry

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1

What is the biosphere?

the earth and everything living on earth

2

What are ecosystems?

areas of the earth with a specific climate that we study (all of the stuff in the area)

3

What are organisms?

things we can study, multicellular or single celled

4

What are cells?

make up organisms, smallest unit of a living thing

5

What is DNA and genes?

ound in cells, instructions for what the cell does

6

What are species?

specific version of something

7

What are the 3 domains of life?

Domains Archaea, Bacteria, and Eukarya



10

What are biological systems?

examples are humans body systems and functions

11

What is form and function?

bird bones are really light weight and help them fly bird beaks allow them to eat different sources of food form helps it perform its function


13

What are producers?

use producers to rely on food or eat other consumers

14

What is regulation?

organisms have to regulate their functions (sweating)

15

What is adaptation?

to survive camouflage

16

What is population?

groups of the same species of animal living in the same area W

17

What is natural selection?

changes that helps better survive in its environment changing form or camouflage

18

What is evolution?

change over time to adapt to its surroundings

19

What is biology and society?

biology weaves into the decisions we make on a daily basis medical use problem solving oil spill in Battle Creek

20

What is scientific inquiry?

how scientists ask questions ways they can test their hypothesis

21

What is an observation?

watching something and recording what you are seeing

22

What is data?

numbers that you gather

23

What is a generalization?

statement that covers a broad range of observations

24

What is the scientific method?

-from observations to question and hypothesis -testing a prediction of the hypothesis -designing a controlled environment -variable -controlled experiment -eliminating unwanted variables -“if…then…” reasoning -organizing data

25

What is evidence?

what we base our conclusions on

26

What are theories?

test a hypothesis many times and it holds true it can become a theory explains a wide group of things

27

What is a model?

graph, 3-D, computer simulations, drawing

28

What is communication in science?

email, books, journals, and other communications between scientists

29

What is technology?

use to make lives better or worse

30

Why do we observe behavior in natural environments?

try to see how they act without humans



33

What is an innate behavior?

determined by the animal’s genes

34

What is a fixed action pattern?

keep doing something over and over

35

What is a circadian rhythm?

changing the time so animals can do more work (the chicken example with laying the eggs)

36

What is imprinting?

becoming mom and getting close to something

37

What is classical conditioning?

learning something (pavlov's dog)

38

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What is insight?

problem solving

40

What are the 2 main things play behavior does?

hunt and get food, and using energy to get physically fit

41

What are different ways animals can communicate?

body language, noises, scents

42

What is cooperation?

animals working together for the benefit of their group

43

What are the 4 main elements?

Carbon, Nitrogen, Hydrogen, Oxygen

44

What is matter?

anything that occupies space and has mass

45

What is an element?

pure substance that cannot be broken down into other substances by chemical or physical means, (Atoms in their most basic form)

46

What is a trace element?

element critical to health that makes up less than .01 percent of body mass

47

What is a compound?

substance containing two or more elements chemically combined in a fixed ratio - water, Carbon Dioxide, sugar (glucose)

48

What is an atom?

smallest particle of matter

49

What is insight?

problem solving

50

What are the 2 main things play behavior does?

hunt and get food, and using energy to get physically fit

51

What are different ways animals can communicate?

body language, noises, scents

52

What is cooperation?

animals working together for the benefit of their group

53

What are the 4 main elements?

Carbon, Nitrogen, Hydrogen, Oxygen

54

What is matter?

anything that occupies space and has mass

55

What is an element?

pure substance that cannot be broken down into other substances by chemical or physical means, (Atoms in their most basic form)

56

What is a trace element?

element critical to health that makes up less than .01 percent of body mass

57

What is a compound?

substance containing two or more elements chemically combined in a fixed ratio - water, Carbon Dioxide, sugar (glucose)

58

What is an atom?

smallest particle of matter

59

What is a nucleus?

in an atom, the central core that contains protons and neutrons; in a cell, the part that houses the cell’s genetic material in the form of DNA

60

What is classical conditioning?

learning something (pavlov's dog)

61

62

What is insight?

problem solving

63

What are the 2 main things play behavior does?

hunt and get food, and using energy to get physically fit

64

What are different ways animals can communicate?

body language, noises, scents

65

What is cooperation?

animals working together for the benefit of their group

66

What are the 4 main elements?

Carbon, Nitrogen, Hydrogen, Oxygen

67

What is matter?

anything that occupies space and has mass

68

What is an element?

pure substance that cannot be broken down into other substances by chemical or physical means, (Atoms in their most basic form)

69

What is a trace element?

element critical to health that makes up less than .01 percent of body mass

70

What is a compound?

substance containing two or more elements chemically combined in a fixed ratio - water, Carbon Dioxide, sugar (glucose)

71

What is an atom?

smallest particle of matter

72

What is a nucleus?

in an atom, the central core that contains protons and neutrons; in a cell, the part that houses the cell’s genetic material in the form of DNA

73

What is classical conditioning?

learning something (pavlov's dog)

74

75

What is insight?

problem solving

76

What are the 2 main things play behavior does?

hunt and get food, and using energy to get physically fit

77

What are different ways animals can communicate?

body language, noises, scents

78

What is cooperation?

animals working together for the benefit of their group

79

What are the 4 main elements?

Carbon, Nitrogen, Hydrogen, Oxygen

80

What is matter?

anything that occupies space and has mass

81

What is an element?

pure substance that cannot be broken down into other substances by chemical or physical means, (Atoms in their most basic form)

82

What is a trace element?

element critical to health that makes up less than .01 percent of body mass

83

What is a compound?

substance containing two or more elements chemically combined in a fixed ratio - water, Carbon Dioxide, sugar (glucose)

84

What is an atom?

smallest particle of matter

85

What is a nucleus?

in an atom, the central core that contains protons and neutrons; in a cell, the part that houses the cell’s genetic material in the form of DNA

86

What is classical conditioning?

learning something (pavlov's dog)

87

88

What is insight?

problem solving

89

What are the 2 main things play behavior does?

hunt and get food, and using energy to get physically fit

90

What are different ways animals can communicate?

body language, noises, scents

91

What is cooperation?

animals working together for the benefit of their group

92

What are the 4 main elements?

Carbon, Nitrogen, Hydrogen, Oxygen

93

What is matter?

anything that occupies space and has mass

94

What is an element?

pure substance that cannot be broken down into other substances by chemical or physical means, (Atoms in their most basic form)

95

What is a trace element?

element critical to health that makes up less than .01 percent of body mass

96

What is a compound?

substance containing two or more elements chemically combined in a fixed ratio - water, Carbon Dioxide, sugar (glucose)

97

What is an atom?

smallest particle of matter

98

What is a nucleus?

in an atom, the central core that contains protons and neutrons; in a cell, the part that houses the cell’s genetic material in the form of DNA

99

What is classical conditioning?

learning something (pavlov's dog)

100