CAS 283- Exam 150 cards

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LANGUAGE IS A PRIMARY VEHICLE OF CULTURE: What is the weak version?

It's easier to think thoughts that are easily expressed in a language.

3

Components of Nonverbal Communication:

-Chronemics -Vocalics -Proxemics -Haptics -Kinesics -Oculesics -Olifactics -Artifacts -Physical Appearance To help remember them, an acronym kinda thing: Chris Visits Pennsylvania's Happy (valley) Knowing Of One Awesome Party

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What are the 2 forms of verbal communication?

DENOTATIVE(Dictionary Definition) and CONNOTATIVE (Personal Definition, Slang)

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What is the Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis?

The world is perceived differently by members of different communities and this perception is transmitted and sustained by language.


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LANGUAGE IS A PRIMARY VEHICLE OF CULTURE: What is the strong version?

A person cannot think a thoguht that can't be expressed in their language.

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What is communication?

The process by which people create and send signals that are received, interpreted, and responded to by other people.

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What is the goal of communication?

To have a shared meaning.

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What are the key components of communication?

DYNAMIC (multiple definitions: ex. screen and mouse), SYMBOLIC (ex. the finger), TRANSACTIONAL

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What components make up multi-media?

Display. Transmit. Substitute.

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What is hypertextuality?

The interlinking of information/text. Uses hyperlinks. Information chunking. Moving away from static text.

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Hysteria.

Panic, fear technology and its societal consequences.

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What are the Axioms of Communication?

-Every message has CONTEXT and RELATIONAL dimension. -Communication is contingent upon how we punctuate interactions. -Digital vs. Analog Communication (Verbal vs. NonVerbal). -Symmetrical (People behave similarly) vs. Complementary (People behave di

15

True or False? In packet switching, all packets travel together and reach the destination together.

False. Each packet travels SEPARATELY and ASSEMBLES at the destination (buffering).

16

What is interactivity?

Interactivity is the extent to which the source and receiver interchange roles and exhibit reciprocal influence. (Ease. Quality. Speed/frequency. Product vs. Process.)

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True or False. The internet has many different systems or protocols, the WWW or Web is NOT one of them

False. The WWW or Web is one of the many different systems or protocols. It was created in 1989 by Tim Berners-Lee.



20

What is CMC influenced by?

Channel Type. Participants. Nature of relationships. Topic/Purpose. Synchronicity. Public vs. Private. Experience.

21

What do Americans like about being online?

Searching/"surfing". Information/Learning. Communication/Email' Socializing/Interacting

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What did Quintillion believe rhetoric was?

Quintillion said rhetoric was the art of the good citizen speaking well.


24

Name the 5 components used to define the internet.

Packet Switching. Multimedia. Hypertexture. Interactivity. Synchronicity.

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What is packet switching?

Packet Switching cuts all data (regardless of type) into packets.

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Hype.

Welcoming technology, emphasizes benefits.

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What is synchronicity?

Synchronicity is real time rather than delayed message exchange. (Chat rooms. E-mailing. MUDS. Online Gaming. Drop box. Face-to-Face.)


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Mediated:

the process or means by which something is transmitted (ex. psychological or social filters)

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Computers:

Computing technology that faciltates human communication.

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Informatics:

Storage, manipulation, retrieval of data




35

Name some early inventions in the history of the computer.

Printing press. Telegraph. Telephone. Television. Pascalene Calculator. Analytical Calculator. The ENIAC. The UNIVAC.


37

Roughly, how old is CMC?

50 years old.

38

What makes Web 2.0 great?

Web 2.0 increases what was possible in "Web 1.0". Also, users provide data and exercise control over what's on the Web 2.0 site, "architecture of participation".

39

Basically, what is rhetoric?

'Using Language Effectively'

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What did Plato believe rhetoric was?

Rhetoric is a sham art, comparable to spoken cosmetics.

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What did Aristotle believe rhetoric was?

Aristotle believed rhetoric is the faculty of observing in any given case the available means of persuasion.

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What did James Herrick believe rhetoric was?

James Herrick thought rhetoric to be a systematic study and intentional practice of effective symbolic expression.

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Types of tubes

Metal (Jackson) plastic (shiley, portex) Single or double cannula Cuffed or uncuffed Fenestrated or non-fenestrated Disposable and permanent

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Ethos:

Character and/or credibility (credentials, education, experience)

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Pathos:

Human emotions (appeal to fear, anger, guilt, happiness)

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What was Bitzer's explanation a rhetoric situation?

Rhetorical discourse, I shall agree, obtains its character-as-rhetorical from the situation which generates it (Bitzer, 1968)

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Exigence:

A problem that may be addressed by message.

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Audience:

One or more persons who receive the message, and who are capable of being persuaded.