Chapter 14 Social Studies43 cards

Tagged as: art, philosophy, criminal justic, law, business, education, language, german, literature

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1

emigrant

A person who leaves a counrty

2

immigrant

a person who settles in a country

3

steerage

the most expensive deck on a ship

4

push-pull factors

being forced out of your native land then being brought to a new place

5

famine

a severe food shortage

6

prejudice

a negative opinion that is not based on facts

7

nativist

a native born american who wanted to eliminate foreign influence

8

romanticism

a style of art that stressed the individual, imagination, creativity, and emotion

9

hudson river school

american painters who painted peaceful landscapes

10

transcendentalism

a philosophy that taught that the spiritual world is more important than the physical one

11

civil disobediance

a form of peaceful protest in which people refuse to obey law they consider unjust

12

revival

a meeting to reawaken religious faith

13

second great awakening

a renewal of religious faith in the 1790's and early 1800's

14

temperance movement

a campaign to stop the drinking of alcohol

15

labor union

a group of workers who band together to seek better working conditions

16

strike

a stopping of work to demand better conditions

17

horace mann

a reformer who worked for education improvements

18

dorothea dix

a reformer who worked to improve conditions for the mentally ill

19

abolitionist

someone working to end slavery

20

artisans

skilled workers who make products by hand

21

culture

a peoples way of living

22

philosophy

a set of opinion about life and the world

23

rehabilitate

to prepare people to live useful lives after their release from prison

24

repeal

cancel

25

resolution

pledge to do something or to keep from doing it

26

scandinavia

region that includes the countries of Denmark Norway and Sweden

27

slang

special words and meanings that are used in place of standard language

28

urban

related to a city

29

where did German immigrants settle in the united states

- in the midwest and texas - farms and cities

30

what effect did the potato famine have

about one million peopole died and 2 million left ireland

31

what problems did immigrants face in the cities

- not enough places to live - diseases - crime

32

why were some U.S born citizens prejudice against immigrants

- they couldn't learn american ways - out numbered native people

33

how did romanticism influence writers

- inspired them to write about immigration creativity and feelings

34

what did american painters focus on

- Nature,landscapes - birds and animals

35

how did american writers of the 1800's shape modern literature

- walt whitman and emily dickonson changed the way language was used

36

how did workers seek to get better working conditions

they started a labor union and went on strike

37

what kind of reforms did dorothea dix work for

a mental hospital to improve treatment for the mentally ill

38

why did people build utopias

they wanted to protect their society

39

how did william lloyd garrison work to end slavery

published newspaper " the liberator"

40

41

how did runaway slaves escape freedom on the underground railroad

they hid in the day and traveled at night by foot carts wagons etc


43

how did susan b. anthony work for womens rights

she gave women the rights to own their own property and wages, right to vote and marrige