Chapters 17 & 2214 cards

Tagged as: fitness, medical, medicine, pathology, nursing, physics, music, psychology

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Compare and contrast the common characteristics of Type I and Type II diabetes

Type I usually onset in youth and is genetic. its a cause of pancrease not producing insulin and therefore those that have type I need to inject insulin. Type II is onset due to poor eating habits or genetics but happen later in life. Cells are resistant to insulin but pancrease still produces it. High levels of gluc


What is ketosis? What are exercise-related concerns that diabetics may have?

state of elevated levels of ketone bodies, by-products when fatty acids are broken down for energy in the liver. diabetics not in control need to be aware of increase of ketone bodies with duration of exercise


What are the common causes of asthma and what are the accompanying physiological responses in the body?

allergic reaction, exercise, aspirin, dust, pollutants and emotions contraction of smooth muscle and airways swelling of muscosal cells hypersecretion of mucus an agent causes an influx of Ca++ into mast cells


How is asthma prevented or relieved? What are some of the preventative measures and treatments and how do each influence the asthmatic response?

Prevention avoidance of allergens, immunotherapy Relieved cromolyn sodium, inhibits calcium release beta2-agonist, increases Cyclic AMP, which causes decrease in theophylline


What are the guidelines for exercise for people who have a prosthetic device? What are some other exercise-related considerations specific to this population? What are benefits of exercise that are specific to this population?

2-5 times a week, 20-30 minutes minimu, moderate to high intensity Increased energy expenditure 9-20 for below the knee, 45-70 above the knee, 300 for bilateral above the knee improve balance and coordination with prosthetic keeps people indpendant release of endorphins lessens the perception of pain increase effici


What is COPD, and where does exercise fit in as part of a rehabilitation program?

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease bronchitis, emphysema, and bronchial asthma Training goals include: Reduce reliance on O2 and medication Improved ability to complete daily activities


What are the training goals for a patient in cardiac rehab? What procedures or treatments may have this patient had? Why is it important to do a graded exercise test for this population, and what is the suggested intensity, duration, and frequency of the exercise prescription based on?

increased function capacity, VO2 max, reduced signs/symptoms of ischemia, improved risk factor profile MI, Coronary artery bypass graft surgery, angiplasty, angina pectoris. B-blockers, anti-arrhythmics, nitroglycerine intensity, duration, and frequency based on severity of disease


Why is it important and beneficial for elderly individuals to exercise?

improved risk factor profile increased strength and VO2 max increase bone mass


What are common concerns and recommendations regarding exercise for a pregnant woman?

Potential hypertension during third trisemester Long-duration, high intensity exercise should be avoided RPE may be best methond of setting intensity


What are some menstrual disorders and describe what increases risk for these disorders?

Amenorrhea- cessation of menstruation risk factors include: amount of training psychological factors body compositon Female athlete triad Dysmenorrhea- painful menstruation


What are two common patterns of disorder eating and the associated signs or symptoms?

Anorexia nervosa-state of starvation to reduce body weight rapid weight loss, mood swings, execessive exercise, avoid food related activities, wearing baggy clothes, preoccupation with food. Bulimia-pattern of overeating followed by vomiting noticeable weight loss, depressive moods, strict dieting and eating binges,


What is osteoporosis and who is at risk? How does exercise influence this condition?

osteoporosis- loss of bone mineral content casused by estrogen deficiency and inadequate Ca intake, most common in women after menopause increases bone density


Describe the potential risks and benefits of aerobic training and resistance training in children.

benefits like adults in cardiopulmonary system and in musculoskeletal training can optimize growth in children