Chemistry51 cards

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1

Accessory Chemicals

A group of chemicals used in addition to vascular and cavity embalming fluids;mosy are applies to the body surface.

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Acid (Arrhenius)

A substance that yields hydrogen and hydronium ions in a/an water (aqueous) solution.

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Acid (Bronsted-Lowry)

A substance that donates a proton.

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Acid (Lewis)

A substance that accepts a pair of electrons.

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Adipocere (Gravewax)

A wax-like material produced by saponification of body fat in a body buried in alkaline soil.

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Ag

Is the symbol for the element Silver.

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Al

Is the symbol for the element Aluminium

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AL

The suffix al refers to an aldehyde

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Alchemy

Is the predecessor of chemistry, had its roots in ancient Egypt. The Greeks names Egypt Kemi, because of the rich black soil.

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Alchol

An organic compound containing one or more hydroxyl (-OH) groups. The general formula for a monohydroxy alchol is R-OH, where R is a hydrocarbon group

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Aldehyde

An organic compound containing one or more -CHO groups. The general formula is RCHO where R is a hydrocarbon group or hydrogen

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Aldose

A sugar in which the functional groups are hydroxyl groups (-OH) and an aldehyde group (-CHO)

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Aliphatic

Pertaining to any member of one of the two major groups of organic compounds, those having straight or branch chain structures

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ALKANE

A saturated hydrocarbon; a hydrocarbon that has no carbon carbon multiple bonds; formerly called the paraffin series

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ALKENE

A hydrocarbon containing a double bond

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ALKYNE

A hydrocarbon containing a triple bond

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ALKYL GROUP

A monovalent radical of the general formula CnH2n+1 formed when an alkane loses one hydrogen atom.

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ALKYL HALIDE

An aliphatic hydrocarbon with one or more halogen atoms attached

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ALLOTROPISM

The existence of an element in two or more distinct forms

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AMIDE

Any compound derived from ammonia by substitution of a carbonyl group (C=O) for hydrogen, or from an acid by replacing the -OH group by an amino group (-NH2).

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AMINE

An organic compound containing nitrogen; any of a group of compounds formed from ammonia by replacement of one or more hydrogen atoms by organic radicals. The general formula for primary amines is RNH2

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AMINO ACID

The building blocks of proteins; a compound containing an amino group (-NH2), a carboxyl (-COOH) group, and a radical.

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AMPHOTERIC

A compound that can act as both an acid and a base.

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ANION

A negatively charged atom or group of atoms.

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ANTICOAGULANTS

Used to keep the blood in the liquid state; chemicals that retard the tendency of the blood to become more viscous by natural postmortem processes and/or prevent any other adverse reactions from occurring between the blood and the other embalming c

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AQUEOUS SOLUTION

A solution in which water is the solvent.

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AROMATIC

Any compound containing a resonance stabilized ring such as benzene or toluene.

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ARTERIAL FLUID

The concentrated, preservative embalming chemical that will be diluted with water to form the arterial solution for injection into the arterial system during vascular embalming.

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As

Is the symbol for the element Arsenic

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ATOM

The smallest particle of an element that has all the properties of the element.

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Au

Is the symbol for the element Gold.

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AUTOLYSIS

Self-digestion or self-destruction of the body by autolytic enzymes.

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AUTOPSY CHEMICALS

Those chemicals specifically designed for use in the preparation of bodies that have been autopsied.

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BASE (ARRHENIUS)

A substance that yields hydroxide ions in aqueous solution.

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BASE (BRONSTED-LOWRY)

A substance that accepts a proton

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BASE (LEWIS)

A substance that donates a pair of electrons

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BENZALKONIUM CHLORIDE

A mixture of alkylbenzyldimethylammonium chlorides. It and several very similar mixtures are used in the embalming laboratory in solutions for sterilization of instruments.

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BIOCHEMISTRY

That branch of chemistry dealing with compounds produced by living organisms

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BOILING

The rapid passage of liquid particles to the vapor state by forming bubbles.

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BORIC ACID

A very mild antiseptic added to embalming fluid. It helps regulate the acid-base balance.

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Br

Is the symbol for the element Bromine

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BUFFERS

Substances that in solution are capable of neutralizing, within limits, both acids and bases and thereby maintaining the original, or a constant pH, of the solution.

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Ca

Is the symbol for the element Calcium

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CALORIE (SMALL c)

The amount of heat required to raise the temperature of (one)1 gram of water 1 C at 15 C.

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CARBOHYDRATE

A compound of hydrogen, carbon, and oxygen that is an aldehyde or ketone derivative of a polyhydroxy alcohol. Example are sugars, starches, and glycogen

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CARBONYL GROUP

A chemical group composed of one carbon atom double bonded to oxygen

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CARBOXYLIC ACID (ORGANIC ACID)

An organic compound containing the carboxyl group (-COOH).

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CATION

A positively charged atom or group of atoms

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CATALYST

A substance that changes the rate of a chemical reaction but undergoes no net change itself during the reaction.

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CAVITY FLUIDS

Concentrated embalming chemicals that are injected into the cavities of the body following aspiration in cavity embalming. These fluids can also be used for surface and hypodermic embalming of the problem areas.

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CAVITY FLUIDS

Concentrated embalming chemicals that are injected into the cavities of the body following aspiration in cavity embalming. These fluids can also be used for surface and hypodermic embalming of the problem areas.