Credibility15 cards

Tagged as: music, education

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1

General Rule

Accept a Claim if it does not conflict with: - Our personal observation - Background Knowledge - Other Credible Claims - Comes from a credible source - Source is informed and not biased

2

Reasonable Bias

Exists against claims that deny direct observation or background knowledge.

3

*Fact*

Observation is the basis of Knowledge

4

Empiricism

Experience

5

Observation Cautions

- Noise - Distraction, emotions, fatigue - Measuring instruments - Observations differ based on expertise - Expectations influence observations - Emotional relationships cause expectations

6

*Fact*

Claim has more initial plausibility the more it fits with our background knowledge

7

Burden of Proof

lies on the claim with the least initial plausibility.

8

*Fact*

Plausibility is relative

9

Background Knowledge Caution

May be narrow and acculturated. - Re-examine Background - Check old beliefs

10

Source Rule

Acceptance of a claim depends on the credibility of the source

11

Sources

Their Knowledge is Key - Education - Training - Experience

12

Experts

- Education - Experience - Accomplishments - Reputation - Position But caution - Only experts in their field - Bias - Conflicts with other experts

13

Non-Expert Credibility

Credible when based on direct observations but not: - Bad physical conditions - Sensory Impairments - Poor Mental State - Unreliable instrumentation - Faulty memory - Bias

14

Other Credible Sources

Books - Note Publisher - Type of Book - Genera of Writing Electronic Media Reference Works - Encyclopedia - Dictionary *Specialized books from reputable publishers may be more trustworthy.

15

News Media

Visually reliable on contemporary events but *Sensationalistic - Theme is usually violence - Topics that involve Police, Fires, calamities, death, humor * Selective - interested in rating - Simplistic (appeals to mental level of the masses) - Depth a