Start learning this material nowGet Started
Tagged as: music, educationCopy deck
Accept a Claim if it does not conflict with: - Our personal observation - Background Knowledge - Other Credible Claims - Comes from a credible source - Source is informed and not biased
Exists against claims that deny direct observation or background knowledge.
Observation is the basis of Knowledge
- Noise - Distraction, emotions, fatigue - Measuring instruments - Observations differ based on expertise - Expectations influence observations - Emotional relationships cause expectations
Claim has more initial plausibility the more it fits with our background knowledge
lies on the claim with the least initial plausibility.
Plausibility is relative
May be narrow and acculturated. - Re-examine Background - Check old beliefs
Acceptance of a claim depends on the credibility of the source
Their Knowledge is Key - Education - Training - Experience
- Education - Experience - Accomplishments - Reputation - Position But caution - Only experts in their field - Bias - Conflicts with other experts
Credible when based on direct observations but not: - Bad physical conditions - Sensory Impairments - Poor Mental State - Unreliable instrumentation - Faulty memory - Bias
Books - Note Publisher - Type of Book - Genera of Writing Electronic Media Reference Works - Encyclopedia - Dictionary *Specialized books from reputable publishers may be more trustworthy.
Visually reliable on contemporary events but *Sensationalistic - Theme is usually violence - Topics that involve Police, Fires, calamities, death, humor * Selective - interested in rating - Simplistic (appeals to mental level of the masses) - Depth a
Ready to start studying? Once you get going, we'll notify you when it is time to study next.