Cuba 1 History33 cards

Tagged as: history, art, government, psychology, economics, literature, religion, language, music, criminal justic, act

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1

Culture

Beliefs or actions that define a group of people's way of life

2

Popular Destiny

Average number of people in a square mile or kilometer

3

Birthrate

Number of live births each year per 1,000 people

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Deathrate

Number of deaths each year per 1,000 people

5

Immigrants

People who move into the country

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Emigrants

People who leave the country to live in other places

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Urbanization

Growth of city populations Moving to cities for a better life, overcrowding, stress for land, food, water, economy, increase in pollution, crime, poverty

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Rural

Countryside

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Culture Hearth

Where important ideas begin and from which they spread to other cultures

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Cultural Convergence

When skills/art/ideas come in contact with those of another culture

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Diffusion

Process which a cultural element is transmitted from one group to another

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Cultural Divergence

Restriction of a culture from outside cultural influences

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Define country

Territory Population Sovereignty Government

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Sovereignty

Nations freedom from outside control

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Unitary System

One central government runs the nation

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Federation

Some power to national government and other power to local government

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Confederation

Central government and limited smaller units

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Authoritarian

Leaders hold most of the power

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Dictatorship

All power is held by a single person or group

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Totalitarianism

An extreme dictatorship

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Monarchy

Kings and Queens Today they have not much power Very common

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Democracy

The people choose their leader/government People have the power

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Traditional Economy

Little surplus produced and little needed for market of buying and selling Most produce for themselves

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Market Economy

Gives great freedom to individuals and groups Idea of buying and selling goods and services

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Command Economy

Controlled by single central government

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Civilization

Highly developed society: Society that has a high level of culture and social organization

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7 Elements of Culture

Social Organization Religion Arts and Literature Economy Government Customs and Traditions Language - cornerstone of culture

28

Imperialism

One culture controls another culture, usually for material gain, racists foundation Colonialism is formed with colonies under direct control

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Westernization

Act more like the west (Europe/US) in political, economic, and social parties: Western justice, free market, clothes, food, music, freedom, etc.

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Nationalism

Loyalty to one's country or nation; starts conflicts when you want to see your nation's power expand, patriotism

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Industrialism

Industrial revolution, inventions, reliance on machines and increase of production Advances in technology, urbanization, dislocation, economy

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Modernization

Developing means to produce high level of goods and services: Act like the West increase level of freedom

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Privatization

Governments sell industries to private individuals, converting the economy from communism/socialism to free market capitalism (People are owners) Many economic problems