EDC 102 Final Exam--Items #1-5151 cards

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The Old Deluder Satan Act (1962)

Towns with 50 families had to have a teacher to teach reading and writing. Towns with 100 families had to establish a grammar school (College Prep).


Benjamin Franklin

Came up with plan for organized schooling, including English, Science, Lab, and no Latin. Also came up with idea for first organized library.


Thomas Jefferson

founded the university of virginia, one of the first universities to not be centralized around a church.


Dartmouth College Case (1819)

School was deposed by the trustees. State of NH wanted to make Dartmouth a public school. The decision settled the nature of public vs. private charters.


Yale Report

Document written by the faculty of Yale defending the classical curriculum, which taught students through a single curriculum, with Latin and Greek at its core. Led to many curriculum being changed throughout the country.


Horace Mann

American education reformer from MA who founded the Common School Journal, where he wrote about public schools and their problems. Had 6 main principles. Leader of the common school movement.


Common School Movement

Statewide system of education, that exposed everyone to similar educations. Originally caught on in the North.


Morrill Act (1862)

Originally set up to establish institutions is each state that would educate people in agriculture, home economics, mechanical arts, and other professions that were practical.


Kalamazoo Case (1874)

Established taxes for support of public high schools.


Committee of Ten Report (1893)

Recommending that the secondary school curriculum rededicate itself to the goal of "training and disciplining the mind through academic studies," thus creating a better fit between the subjects offered by the high schools and the colleges receiving t


John Dewey

Educational reformer who was a major representative of the progressive and progressive populist philosophies of schooling. Model of learning similar to scientific method. (adlib)


Instrumental View of Intelligence

principals and criteria that were used to analyze individual or unique situations...model put forth by dewey


Progressive Education

Belief that education must be based on the principle that humans are social animals who learn best in real-life activities with other people.


Progressive View of Subject Matter

Change in subject matter that reflects the development of children and the changing needs of adults.


Cardinal Principles of Secondary Education (1893)

Health, Command of Fundamental Processes (Reading, Writing), Worthy Home Membership, Vocation, Civic Education, Worthy Use of Leisure and Ethical Character.


Project Method

Educational enterprise in which children solve a practical problem over a period of several days or weeks.


The Eight-Year Study

National program using 30 high schools and 300 colleges that was used to address the rigidness of the high school curriculum.


G.I Bill (1944)

Provided college or vocational education for returning World War II veterans, as well as one year of unemployment compensation


Social Mobility

Show the differences in education and social classes.


Social Reproduction

Argues that schools are not institutions of equal opportunity but mechanisms for perpetuating social inequalities.


Americanization (c.1900)

Made schools more age graded with a curriculum. Educational system order regularity and predictability were gained.


Franklin Bobbitt

Schools should provide experiences that related to what citizens need for their society.


Life Adjustment Education

Education was meant to prepare people for the working world. School should focus on the need of society.


Robert Hutchins

Dean of Yale Law School. Educational reformer who believed that all students take the same courses, 16 classes over 4 yeas, ending with a 6 hour exam for the grade. Focused on the idea of a liberal education.



People should be taught topics that are of perpetual importance to people everywhere. Aim of education is to ensure that students understand ideas of Western Civilization.


Lawrence Cremin

Educational reformer who was teacher at Columbia and a critic of progressive education.


Jonathan Kozol

Critic of public education, particularly the inner city schools.


Maxine Greene

Educational reformer who focused on the vitality of the arts. Former professor at Columbia.


Theodore Sizer

Former professor at Brown, education critic who used 9 different educational theories (Value, Knowledge, Human Nature, Learning, Communication, Society, Opportunity, and Consensus). Father of the Essential School Movement.


Deborah Meier

Leader of the school reform movement and an educational theorist. Active member of the Essential School Movement.


Plessy v. Ferguson (1896)

Upheld racial segregation of schools. Institution of "Seperate but Equal."


Sweat v. Painter (1950)

prohibited Sweatt from attending Univ. of Texas law school, due to laws which allowed segregation. led to formation of Texas Southern Univ.


Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka (1954)

Declared 'seperate but equal' unconstitutional.


Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka (1955)

left desegregation of schools to the district courts



ending of racial segregation.


Sputnik and the National Defense Education Act (1958)

provided funding to educational institutions of all levels, because of fear that US was falling behind the soviets in science.


War on Poverty

expanded the governments role on social welfare relating to education.


Cultural Defecit Theory

states that students from some minority backgrounds are responsible for problems in school and their poor grades.


Head Start

provides education to eligible families to ensure that children are enrolled in school


Elementary and Secondary Education Act (1965)

forbids the establishment of a national curriculum


Equal Education Opportunity

no one will be denied education on account of race, color, sex, national origin


Coleman Report (1966)

argued that school funding has little effect on student achievement, and that it was based on student backgrounds



process of transporting students in order to redress prior social segregation


White Flight

whites flee to other communities once minorities start to inhabit the area.


Magnet Schools

private schools with specialized courses and curricula, offered as a means of remedying racial segregation.



allows children to progress at their own pace, instead of meeting standards by certain ages


Free (Open) Schools

decentralized method of schooling, often without a hierarchy of control


The "Hidden" Curriculum

refers to various types of knowledge gained in primary and secondary school settings, usually with a negative connotation referring to inequalities suffered


West Virginia v. Barnett (1943)

protected students from being forced to salute the American flag and say the Pledge of Allegiance in school.


Ivan Illich

critics of western culture, believed in the de-institutionalizing of schools.


Establishment Clause (1st Amendment)

prohibits the establishment of a national religion, and the favoritism of one religion over another