Endodontics28 cards

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1

ABSCESS

A localized accumulation of pus in cavity formed by tissue disintegration

2

ACUTE

pertaining to a traumatic, pathologic , or physiologic phenomenon or process that has a short and relatively severe course.

3

APICAL CURETTAGE

surgical removal of infectious material surrounding the apex of a root.

4

APICOECTOMY

surgical removal of the apical portion of the tooth through a surgical opening made in the overlying bone and gingival tissues.

5

CHRONIC

pertaining to disease symptoms that persist over a long time, as in periodontal disease.

6

CONTROL TOOTH

Healthy tooth used as a standard to compare questionable teeth of similar size and structure during pulp vitality testing.

7

DEBRIDEMENT

to remove or clean out the pulpal canal.

8

ENDODONTIST

a dentist who specializes in the prevention , diagnosis , and treatment of diseases of the pulp and the periradicular tissues.

9

GUTTA- PERCHA

plastic type of filling material used in endodontist .

10

HEMISECTION

surgical separation of a multirooted tooth through the furcation area.

11

INDIRECT PULP CAP

placement of a medicament over a partially exposed pulp.

12

IRREVERSIBLE PULPITIS

infectious condition in which the pulp is incapable of healing which would then require root canal therapy .

13

NONVITAL

not living , as in oral tissue and tooth structure.

14

OBTURATION

process of filling a root canal .

15

PALPATION

technique of examining the soft tissue with the examiners hands or fingertips.

16

PERCUSSION

examination technique that involves tapping on the incisal or occlusal surface of a tooth to assess vitality.

17

PERFORATION

making a hole, as in breaking through and extending beyond the apex of the root.

18

PERIODONTAL DISEASE

an inflammatory reaction to bacteria trapped in the periodontal sulcus .

19

PERIRADICULAR ABSCESS

an inflammatory reaction to pulpal infection.

20

PERIRADICULAR CYST

A cyst that develops at or near the root of a necrotic tooth.

21

PULP CAP

application of dental material to a cavity preparation with an exposed or nearly exposed dental pulp.

22

PULPECTOMY

complete removal of vital pulp from a tooth.

23

PULPITIS

INFLAMMATION of the dental pulp.

24

PULPOTOMY

removal of the coronal portion of a vital pulp from a tooth.

25

RETROGRADE RESTORATION

small restoration placed at the apex of a root.

26

REVERSIBLE PULPITIS

form of pulpal inflammation in which the pulp may be salvageable.

27

ROOT AMPUTATION

removal of one or more roots without removal of the crown of the tooth.

28

ROOT CANAL THERAPY

removal of the dental pulp and filling of the canal with material.