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Take police officers out of their patrol cars and assign them to walking beats
Reduced the mobility of the police Thus had difficulty responding to citizen calls for service Weekend headquarters control over patrol officers
It was hard work Outside on cold, rainy nights Reduced their chances making a “good pinch” Used as a form of punishment
Academic experts on policing doubted that foot patrol would have any impact on crime rates But since the state was paying for it?
the local authorities were willing to go along
Had not reduced crime rates, but residents of the foot patrolled neighborhoods seemed to feel more secure that persons in other areas, Why?
tended to believe that crime had been reduced.
Citizens in the foot-patrol areas had more favorable opinion of the police that did those living elsewhere. And Officers walking beats had higher morale, greater job satisfaction, and?
a more favorable attitude toward citizens in their neighborhoods.
Sudden, violent attack by a stranger
Drunk and addicts cold sit on the stoops, but could not lie down. People could drink on side streets, but not at the main intersection.
Bottles had to be in paper bags. Talking to, bothering, or begging from people waiting at the bus stop was strictly forbiddenBusinessman was assumed to be right, especially if the customer was a stranger.
Philip Zimbardo, a Stanford psychologist, reported in 1969 on some experiments testing the broken-window theory. How?
He arranged to have an automobile without license plates parked with it hood up on a street in the Bronx and a comparable automobile on a street in Palo Alto, California.
well-dressed, apparently clean-cut whites.
even a single strange youth.
But, as crime wave that began in the early 1960s continued without abatement throughout the decade and into the 1970s, attention shifted to?
the role of the police as a crime-fighter
Ten minutes of its "abandonment" Within 24hours, virtually everything of value had been removed
a week Then Zimbardo smaked part of it with a sledgehammer..within a few hours, the car was turned upside down and utterly destroyed
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