Global Chapter 1416 cards

Tagged as: government, religion, language, spanish, art, music, english, french, business

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1

Absolutism

a form of government where the sovereign power or ultimate authority rested in the hands of a monarch who claimed to rule by divine right and was therefore responsible only to God

2

Armada

Spanish fleet of ships, failed invasion of England in 1588

3

Baroque

a style that dominated Western painting, sculpture, architecture and music from about 1580 to 1730, generally characterized by elaborate ornamentation and dramatic effects

4

Christian Humanism

believed in the ability of human beings to reason and improve themselves through analysis of classical and especially Christianity antiquity, Erasmus was the most famous proponent

5

Consistory

Geneva special body for enforcing moral discipline, established by Calvin

6

Constitutional (limited) Monarchy

a system of government in which the monarch is limited by a representative assembly and by the duty to rule in accordance with the laws of the land

7

Divine-Right Monarchy

a monarchy based on the belief that monarchs receive their power directly from God and are responsible to no one except God

8

Gentry

well-to-do English landowners below the level of the nobility

9

Huguenots

French Calvinists

10

Indulgence

the remission of part or all of the temporal punishment in purgatory due to sin, granted for charitable contributions and other good deeds

11

Joint-Stock Company

individuals bought shares in a company and received dividends

12

Justification of Faith

the primary doctrine of the Protestant Reformation; taught that humans are saved not through good works, but by the grace of God, bestowed freely through the sacrifice of Jesus

13

Mercantilism

economic theory, prosperity of a nation depended on a plentiful supply of bullion through a favorable balance of trade

14

New Monarchies

the governments of France, England and Spain at the end of the fifteenth century, where the rulers were successful in reestablishing or extending centralized royal authority, suppressing the nobility, controlling the church and insisting upon the loy

15

Predestination

the belief, associated with Calvinism, that God, as a consequence of his foreknowledge of all events, has predetermined those who will be saved and those who will be damned

16

Puritans

English Protestants inspired by Calvinist theology who wished to remove all traces of Catholicism from the Church of England