Global Chapter 1828 cards

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1

Ausgleich

the "Compromise" of 1867 that created the dual monarchy of Austria-Hungary

2

Balance of Power

a distribution of power among several states such that no single nation can dominate or interfere with the interests of another, usually the foundation of British foreign policy

3

Bourgeoisie

Middle Class

4

Capital

material wealth used or available for use in the production of more wealth

5

Caudillos

Latin American autocratic leaders who rose after independence

6

Conservatism

an ideology based on tradition and social stability that favored the maintenance of established institutions, organized religion, and obedience to authority and resisted change, especially abrupt change

7

Cotttage Industry

a system of textile manufacturing in which spinners and weaves worked at home in their cottages using raw materials supplied to them by capitalist entrepreneurs, formerly known as “putting-out” or “domestic” system

8

"Eastern Question"

question that worried European diplomats in regards to the decline of Ottoman Turkey and the potential concomitant expansion of Russia into the Balkans

9

Entrepreneur

one who organizes, operates, and assumes the risk in a business venture in the expectation of making a profit

10

General Strike

a strike by all or most workers in an economy

11

Gothic Literature

exaggerated form of Romanticism, deep attraction to exotic and unfamiliar

12

Principle of Intervention

the idea, after the Congress of Vienna, that the Congress of Vienna, that the great powers of Europe had the right to send armies into countries experiencing revolution to restore legitimate monarchs to their thrones

13

Laissez-Faire

"to let alone", an economic doctrine that holds that an economy is best served when the government does not interfere

14

Principle of Legitimacy

the idea that after the Napoleonic wars peace could best be reestablished in Europe by restoring legitimate monarchs who would preserve traditional institutions

15

Liberalism

an ideology based on the belief that people should be as free from restraint as possible

16

Limited (constitutional) Monarchy

a system of government in which the monarch is limited by a representative assembly and by the duty to rule in accordance with the laws of the land

17

Nationalism

a sense of national consciousness based on awareness of being part of a community -- a "nation" -- that has common institutions, traditions, language, and customs

18

Proletariat

The industrial working class

19

Puddling

system developed by Henry Cort, coke used to burn away impurities in pig iron

20

Realism

reaction to Romanticism, art genre that wanted to deal with ordinary characters from actual life

21

Realpolitik

“politics of reality,” associated with Otto von Bismarck’s admonition about “blood and iron”

22

Romanticism

European intellectual movement, emphasized emotion and sentiment, inner feelings understandable only to the person experiencing them

23

Social Darwinism

the application of Darwin's principle of organic evolution to the social order

24

Socialism

an ideology that calls for collective or government ownership of the means of production and the distribution of goods

25

Tories

British political party now known as Conservatives

26

Trade Union

an association of workers in the same trade, formed to help members secure better wages, benefits, and working conditions

27

Utopian Socialism

represented by Robert Owen, desire to get away from industrial society to set up perfect community based on socialist ideals

28

Whigs

British political party now known as Liberals