Global Chapter 2021 cards

Tagged as: dutch, finance, french, language, literature, music, religion, government, english, accounting

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1

Assimilation

an effort to transform colonial societies in the Western image

2

Association

collaboration with local elites while leaving local traditions alone

3

Boers

South African descendants of original Dutch settlers, fought with the British

4

Caliph

the secular leader of the Islamic community

5

Capital

material wealth used or available for use in the production of more wealth

6

Direct Rule

colonial approach wherein rule was carried out directly by the Europeans, often associated with the French approach

7

Economic Imperialism

the process in which banks and corporations from developed nations invest in underdeveloped regions and establish a major presence there in the hope of making high profits; not necessarily the same as colonial expansion in that businesses invest wher

8

Folk Culture

the traditional arts and crafts, literature, music, and other customs of the: people; something that people make, as opposed to modern popular culture, which is something people buy

9

Free Trade

the unrestricted international exchange of goods with low or no tariffs

10

Indirect Rule

colonial approach wherein local rule is carried out by European-supported native officials, often associated with the British approach

11

Khedive

hereditary pasha of Egypt starting with Muhammad Ali

12

"Legitimate Trade"

how the Europeans referred to trade in raw materials and finished goods with the Africans as compared to the slave trade

13

Militarism

a policy of aggressive military preparedness; in particular, the large armies based on mass conscription and complex, inflexible plans for mobilization that most European nations had before World War I.

14

Nationalism

a sense of national consciousness based on awareness of being part of a community-a nation-that has common institutions, traditions, language, and customs and that becomes the focus of the individual's primary political loyalty

15

New Imperialism

the revival of imperialism after 1880 in which European nations established colonies throughout much of Asia and Africa.

16

Quinine

extract from the bark of the cinchona tree, provided partial immunity to malaria

17

Raj

term for British rule in India, term came from Indian raja or prince

18

Self-Determination

the doctrine that the people of a given territory or a particular nationality should have the right to determine their own government and political future

19

Sepoys

native troops hired by the East India Company to protect company interests

20

Shanghaied

English term for getting workers by unscrupulous means

21

Zamindars

Indian tax collectors who were assigned land, from which they kept part of the revenue