History Ch.5&6 Colonies/Acts pre-1776 part 216 cards

Tagged as: history, government, fitness, physics, music, language

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Who was Jonathan Edwards?

He was one of the most important leaders of the Great Awakening. He gave dramatic sermons that emphasized that sinners must ask forgiveness for their sins or face eternal punishment.


Who was George Whitefield?

He was a British minister who came to America and began a series of revivals in seven trips to the colonies.


Who was Charles Chauncy?

He was a New England "traditionalist," who did not believe that the enthusiasm of the Great Awakening would truly awaken one's spirituality.


Who was Gilbert Tennent?

He was a Presbyterian minister who was a leader of the evangelical movement. He published a pamphlet called "The Danger of an Unconverted Ministry," which attached the traditionalists.


What is the scientific method?

This process involves carefully examining natural events and the forming theories from the experiments and observations.


What was the Scientific Revolution?

This was the time when Europeans began performing scientific experiments and discoveries that provided new information about the fundamental laws that govern nature.


What was the Enlightenment?

The 1700s Scientific Revolution which changed people's understanding of natural sciences and human activity. Also referred to as the Age of Reason.


Who was Galileo Galilei?

He was one of the leading figures in the Scientific Revolution. He confirmed the theory that the planets revolve around the sun.


Who was Sir Isaac Newton?

His book was the foundation for physics for at least 200 years, and formed the basis for methods that scientists use today.


Who was David Rittenhouse?

He was a clock-maker in Philadelphia who designed a variety of mathematical and astronomical instruments and surveyed boundaries for more than half of the colonies.


Who was Benjamin Franklin?

He was one of the most significant thinkers of his time. He started the Pennsylvania Gazette and published "Poor Richard's Almanack. He wrote many now-famous sayings, such as, "Early to bed, and early to rise, makes a man healthy, wealthy, and wise


Who was Benjamin Banneker?

He was a free African-American who was a scientist and surveyor. He calculated the prediction of an eclipse in 1789.


Who was Anne Bradstreet?

This was a New England poet who wrote about her love for her family and her dedication to her faith. She used religious language and imagery throughout her poetry.


Who was Phillis Wheatley?

One of the first African Americans to have her works published. She was educated by the Boston family that bought her as a slave.


What is militia?

civilians serving as soldiers


What are casualties?

people who are killed, wounded, captured, or missing in a war