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Interpersonal Communication Exam 151 cards
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External, physiological, and psychological
The medium through which a message passes from sender to receiver.
Communication is transactional. Content and relational dimension Intentional and unintentional Irreversible Unrepeatable
Communication between two people
Communication in which people treat each other as unique individuals as opposed to objects
Uniqueness, irreplaceability, interdependence, disclosure, intrinsic rewards
The ability to achieve one's goals in a manner that is personally acceptable and, ideally, acceptable to others. Effectiveness and appropriateness
A large répertoire of skills Adaptability Ability to perform skillfully Involvement Empathy/perspective taking Cognitive complexity Self-monitoring
The language, values, beliefs, traditions, and customs people share and learn.
A group you identify with
A group you are outside of/ a group you label as different
The part of the self-concept that is based on membership in groups
A group within an encompassing culture with a perceived identity Ex. Gangs
How you learned about your culture Ex. School, government, parents
The belief that your culture is better than all the other cultures
When you learn about a culture other than yours
Power distances Achievement & Nurturing Uncertainty Avoidance Individual & Collective High-Context and Low-Context
Extent to which power is concentrated in the hands of a few or distributed throughout the people.
Communication that occurs when there is a time gap between when the message is sent and when it is received
Communication that occurs in real time
Expressing messages without considering the consequences of doing so
A relatively stable set of perceptions you hold of yourself
Part of the self-concept that involves evaluations of self-worth
A mirroring of the judgments of those around you
Evaluating ourselves in terms of how we compare with others
People we use to evaluate our own characteristics
Seeking information that conforms to an existing self-concept
The causal relationship that occurs when a person's expectations of an event and her or his subsequent behavior based on those expectations make the outcome more likely to occur than would otherwise have been true
1. Self-imposed: your own expectations influence your behavior. 2. External: when a person's expectations govern another's actions, whether positive or negative
Pygmalion: Effect=Positive Golem: Effect=Negative
The person you believe yourself to be in moments of honest self-reflection. Unlikely to reveal this self to another person.
An image we want to present to others
The nonverbal ways we act to maintain our own presenting images and the image of others
Process we go through to communicate the impression we want others to have of ourselves
Every verbal or nonverbal behavior we engage in is self-revealing Distinguishing factors: honesty, depth, availability of information, and context of sharing
Part 1: Open area; information of which both you and the other person are aware. Part 2: Blind area; information of which you are unaware, but the other person knows. Part 3: Hidden area; information that you know, but aren't willing to reveal to others. Part 4: Unknown area; information unknown to you and others.
Two or more plausible meanings Used for face-saving
Physically observable qualities of a thing or situation
Involve our attaching meaning to first-order things or situations
1. Selection 2. Organization 3. Interpretation
Determination of causes and effects in a series of interactions. I just withdrew, because she was nagging. I was nagging, because he was withdrawing.
Making sense of our perceptions
The process by which communicators influence each other's perceptions through communication
Personal stories created to make sense of our personal world
Physiological Psychological Social influences Cultural influences
Attach meaning to behavior
Exaggerated beliefs associated with a categorizing system
Tendency to form an overall positive impression of a person on the basis of one positive characteristic
We seek out and organize our impressions to support an opinion
We judge ourselves more charitably than we do others.
The ability to re-create another person's perspective, to experience the world from his/her point of view Three dimensions of empathy: Perspective taking Emotional contagion Genuine concern
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