Mythology Final74 cards

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1

Put these in chronological order: Homer and Hesiod(Archaic), Sophocles and Euripides(Classical), Apollonius(Hellenistic), Vergil(Roman)

1. Archaic 700- 480 BC 2. Classical 480- 323 BC 3. Hellenistic 323- 30 BC 4. Roman 30 BC -???


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4

How many cities did Alexander the Great Conquer and which was the most important?

Conquers most of the entire known world, over 30 cities Alexandria is the most important

5

Who is the "heir" to Alexander the Great?

After he dies young without an heir, 3 generals establish themselves after a long fight

6

Who is Ptolemy?

Macedonian Greek Built capital of Alexandria, like NY

7

What do Hellenistic poets focus on instead of war?

mundane details of everyday life such as love ie Jason and Medea

8

When does the voyage of Argo take place?

a generation before the Trojan war


10

How does Phrixos lose the ram?

He sacrifices it for the fleece

11

How does Jason acquire the fleece?

Oracle that Pelias will be harmed by man with one shoe, Jason shows up so Palias sends him on a dangerous quest to get the fleece from Aeites hoping he will die

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What kind of leader is Jason?

Emotional indecisive, helpless, absorbed, group starts falling apart


16

What is important about the Song of Orpheus?

origin of the world through strife between earth, sea, and sky suggests that conflict is natural, ie conflict between crew members proves that poetry is applicable is mythology and in the real world

17

How is Apollonius similar to Homer

He focuses on an epic hero but more scholarly and focuses on mundane things

18

Who helps Jason steal the fleece?

Women, specifically Medea


20

Who traps the Argomauts?

Colchians, led by Medea's bro who is murdered by Jason


22

Who are the Phaeacians?

Colchians that demand Medea be returned to her father


24

Who founded Rome?

Refugees from Troy, lead by Aeneas

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31

Aeneas is Pious towards...?

father, gods, Rome

32

What are some themes of the Aeneid?

Romanadaptation of Greek myth, foundation myth, political myth and declaration of Roman identity


34

Who was the first emperor of Rome? What became of this?

Augustus, restored republic, new golden age



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What does Jupiter's prophecy say?

the Romans will be great warriors and empire-builders

40

What events lead up to the sack of Troy?

Laocoon doesnt think they should bring in the Trojan horse, neptune sends to serpents which kill him

41

How is Aeneas passive?

He doesnt think about escaping until Venus tells him


43

What's the story with Dido and Aeanes?

they get married in a cave...kinda, but Aeneas has a duty to his country so that gets in the way Dido curses Aeneas and then kills herself


45

Battle of Actium: Who and when?

Augustus vs Marc Antony, 31 BC

46

What is the significance of Aeneas' shield?

Made by Vulcan, has lost of past successes of Rome

47

Nisus and Euryalus are an example of

Bravery, service to community, self-sacrifice, friendship, discipline

48

Who kills Pallas? What does this lead to?

Turnus. So Aeneas kills Turnus out of rage

49

Who wrote Hippolytus? When? Where?

Euripides 428 BC Troizen


51

pasiphae and Ariadne are....?

Phaedra's sisters who had bad luck with love


53

How does Phaedra die? Why?

She kills herself, death before dishonor

54

Why does Hippolytus leave Athens?

He thinks women are evil so he leaves to purify himself

55

What does Phaedra's letter say?

Hippolytus raped her so naturally Theseus is pissed

56

How does Hippolytus die?

he is trampled by horses

57

What are some major themes of Hippolytus?

Conflict between gods Morality and the gods virtue of Moderation Women and low status characters

58

Who does the nurse claim caused Phaedra's problems

Aphrodite made Phaedra fall in love and make shit complicated because Hippolytus was loyal to Artemis instead of her



61

Dionysus is the god of...

Theater, Wine, Wilderness, Changed States, Crossing Boundaries

62

Was Dionysus a Greek or a newcomer

Well...his Ancestors were Thebean, but he spent most of his time in the east spreading his unconventional worship

63

What did it mean if a man lived a rich and luxurious life?

He did not work which meant he was soft

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Why doesn't Pentheus like Dionysus

As king of THebes, he thinks Dionysus is a threat to the city

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How does Pentheus die?

He is torn apart by the Maenads, led by his mother, Agave.

67

What are some themes of the Bachhae

Power of the gods power and control rationality vs irrationality

68

What is a Panhellenic myth?

it is popular everywhere throughout the Greek world

69

What is an epichoric myth

every community has a different story

70

When was Heracles written? By who?

!st century AD, Apollodorous

71

Why doesnt Hera like Heracles?

He is the illegitimate son of Alcmene and Zeus, her husband


73

Who wrote the two known versions of Heracles?

PIndar(5th cent BC) and Diodorus(1st cent. BC)

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How does Heracles die?

cenatuar tries to run away with Deianeira, but Heracles shoots him Cenatuar gives coat to Deianeira Heracles cheats, so she gives him the poison coat