Nouns, Pronouns, Adjectives - Found21 cards

Tagged as: english, language, nursing, criminal justic, gmat, french

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Collective nouns refer to groups composed of members (administration). In American English these nouns are singular. Examples...

Jury, navy, company, administration, tour group, agency, family, couple, duo -- all singular!


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Pronoun

is a word used in place of a noun or noun phrase.

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Personal pronouns

Examples include she or them. They can be divided into sub-categories: subject pronoun, object pronouns, possessive pronouns.

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Subject pronouns

I YOU HE SHE IT WE THEY are used as the subjects of sentences or clauses (whole sentences that can serve as parts of larger sentences). Subject pronouns perform verbs.

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Object pronouns

ME YOU HIM HER IT US YOU THEM -serve as the object of a verb. That is, verbs get done to the. I like only you. -can also be the object of prepositions: What do you think of it?

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Possessive pronouns

MINE YOURS HIS HERS ITS OURS YOUR THEIRS -these pronouns indicate ownership. Don't confuse the possessive pronoun its with the contraction it's.

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Possessive adjectives

MY YOUR HER OUR THEIR -a kind of cross between pronouns and adjectives. They're technically adjectives because they modify nouns (my sheep, your water). Like the true possessive pronouns (mine, yours), possessive adjectives have to refer back to a noun

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Reflexive pronouns

MYSELF OURSELVES ITSELF ... -are formed by adding -self to the end of possessive pronouns or adjectives -when the person doing the action and the person receiving the action are the same, as He hit himself. -provide emphasis: I made this gift myself

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Interrogative pronouns

WHO WHOM WHOSE WHICH -are used to ask questions

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Demonstrative pronouns

THIS THAT THESE THOSE -are used to point out specific thing: Are those my shoes? That is my car? -these same words can be used as adjectives: that car, those shoes

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Indefinite pronouns

-take the place of nouns, but do not refer to specific people, places, or things -Instead of "All people have cats." we could say "Everyone has an inherent sense of justice"

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Indefinite pronouns: most of these pronouns are singular

-everyone, someone, no one, anyone -everybody, somebody, nobody, anybody -everything, something, anything, nothing -all, many more, most, much, several, some, few, both, one, none -each, either, neither -another -any -other

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many, several

are used much more often as adjectives than as pronouns. The lake has several swans. -several is a pronoun only when it is standing in for a noun

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Relative pronouns

are pronouns, such as which and that, that are used to relate a subordinate clause to the rest of the sentence. -The book that fell on the floor is great -WHO WHOM WHOSE WHEN WHERE WHY

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Antecedent

-is the word or group of words that a pronoun refers to. -not all pronouns have antecedents --an indefinite pronoun like anyone will not have an antecedent --we often use the pronoun you without an antecedent "Will you please take out the trash? --it sometimes doesn't either: It's raining.

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A special note about the pronoun "one"

-one can mean "one of the things I just mentioned" -one can also mean everyone or everyone in a certain group or the average person. As in "One will benefit immensely from increasing one's verbal skills prior to taking the GMAT"

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A special note about pronoun "one" continued

Correct: If one wants to do well, one should do one's homework. -in many situations in which one is used, you would also work -however, it is wrong to switch between one and you

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A special note about pronoun "one" continued

-one also doesn't mix with nouns that require the pronouns he, they, etc. -Incorrect: People who want to become politicians should keep one's reputation spotless. -People requires the pronoun they or their

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Incorrect: Flawed in two ways, the earthquake detection system would often find a geological precursor event when it wasn't actually occurring and fail to find one when it was.

One cannot be used interchangeably with other pronouns when referring to the same thing Correct:...the earthquake detection system...when it wasn't actually occurring and fail to find it when it was.

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Correct or Incorrect: I love French food because they really know how to make a good sauce

Incorrect. French cannot be the antecedent for they because it is an adjective. -I love French food because the French really know how to make a good sauce.