Nutrition23 cards

Tagged as: fitness, business, biology, biochemistry, medical, medicine, nursing, geology, psychology

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1

Nutrition

the process by which your body takes in & uses food.

2

Calorie

a unit of heat used to measure the energy your body uses & the energy it receives from food.

3

Nutrients

substances in food that your body needs: To grow To repair itself To supply you with energy

4

Hunger

natural physical drive to eat, prompted by the body’s need for food

5

Appetite

the psychological desire for food

6

Dietary Guidelines

set of recommendations about smart eating & physical activity for all Americans

7

Carbohydrates

Starches & sugars found in foods, which provide your body’s main source of energy.

8

What is the role of carbohydrates

Body breaks them down to simplest form, glucose. Glucose is the main fuel for the body’s tissues Provides 55-65% of energy

9

Simple Carbohydrates

Sugars that provide quick energy

10

Complex Carbohydrates

Long chains of sugars linked together Take longer to break down = longer source of energy

11

Tough, complex carbohydrate that the body cannot digest

Tough, complex carbohydrate that the body cannot digest

12

Proteins

Nutrients the body uses to build & maintain its cells & tissues

13

Amino Acids

Amino acids are the building blocks that make up proteins

14

What are the roles of fats?

Source of stored energy Helps body store & use vitamins Maintain body heat Important for brain development, blood clotting, & controlling inflammation Maintain healthy skin & hair Transports Fat-soluble vitamins through blood

15

Vitamins

Compounds found in food that help regulate body processes


17

Which vitamins are Water-Soluble Vitamins

Vitamins B complex, C & Folic Acid

18

Minerals

Elements found in food that are used by the body


20

Fad Diets

weight loss plans that tend to be popular for only a short time.

21

Anorexia Nervosa

Eating disorder win which an irrational fear of weight gain leads people to starve themselves

22

Bulimia Nervosa

Eating disorder that involves cycles of overeating and purging

23

Binge Eating Disorder

Eating disorder in which people eat compulsively