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RED4308 - Midterm51 cards
Tagged as: language, education, art, fitness, nursing, literature, englishCopy deck
Any powerful, authentic instance of the use of language to convey meaning and understanding between a writer and reader.
An individual who provides professional development opportunities and resources. In-class coaching and support provide a variety of professional development activities while in a nonevaluative role.
Knowledge acquired from an ongoing study of the practice of teaching.
The prior knowledge and experience that readers briing to a reading situation. The meaning.
A type of reading model that assumes that the construction of textual meaning depends on the reader's prior knowledge and experience.
A type of reading model that assumes that translating print to meaning involves using both prior knowledge and print and that the process is initiated by the reader making predictions about meaning and/pr decoding graphic symbols.
The study of the everday functions of language and how interactions with others and with the environment aid language comprehension and learning.
Principle suggestng that letters in the alphabet map to phonemes, the minimal sound units represented in written language.
A type of reading model that assumes that the process of translating print to meaning begins with the printed word and is initiated by decoding graphic symbols into sound.
The conscious or automatic processing and translating of the printed word into speech.
Theoretical orientations and philosophical approaches to the teaching of reading.
Using grammatical reasoning to figure out the word. For example, knowing subject verb agreement.
Letter-sound information that readers process during reading.
Learning theory associated with Jean Piaget that describes meaning-making as cognitively constructing knowledge by using prior knowledge and experience in interaction with the environment.
The study of the mental faculties involved in acting on and interacting with wriiten language in an effort to make sense of a text.
Mental frameworks that humans use to organize and construct meaning.
Knowledge of common letter patterns that skilled readers use rapidly and accurately to associate with sounds.
Based on stated information.
Thoughtful, informed, state of the art teaching in which literacy-related practices are theoretically sound and supported by research.
Based on unstated assumptions in conjuntion with given information.
An instructional strategy to help students and teachers reflect upon personal knowledge.
A word that is used by literar theorists to describe the connections that exist within and between texts.
Awareness of one's own cognitive processes, including task knowledge and self-monitoring of activity.
Could be considered a bottom-up approach, presenting skills to be taught in a sequence, or an interactive program, featuring unedited children's literatuce, selections, strategy instruction, and writing opportunities.
Mutiple methods for teaching reading so they can create the appropirate balance of methods needed to teach children.
Instruction that makes clear the what, why, when, and how of skill and strategy use.
Spiral curriculum, using what they already know and working from there, taking steps and reviewing.
An instructional approach in which reading, writing, listening, speaking, and viewing activities are connected through the use of literature.
A major approach to reading, located on the holistic side of the instructional continuum, tied closely to interactive or top-down theory. Often considered a beginning reading appraoch, connections between reading and writing are becoming more preval
Approach that has students select their own trade books, with the sessions followed by teacher-student conferences, at which students may be asked to read aloud from their selections; who want to provide for individual student differences in reading
An instructional approach that utilizes computers and their many capabilities.
Categories of written language, ranging from the smallest unit, letters, to the largest unit, the whole text selection, that are emphasized for instructional purposes.
A theoretical perspective that focuses on the intergration of all the language arts - reading, writing, speaking, and listening- to create child-responsive environments for learning that are supported by literature-based instruction.
The situation that results when children learn faster than, slower than, or differently from what is expected in school.
A thematic appraoch that addresses mutlicultural issues.
The grammar, vocabulary, and pronunciation that are appropraite for public speaking and writing.
A multicultural approach that typically includes culturally specific celebrations and holidays.
Situation that results when a student's home, family, socioeconomic group, culture, and society differ from the predominant culture of the school.
An alternatice way to accommondate gifted students in which the curriculum is compressed.
A multicutlural appraoch that provides students with opportunities to understake activies and projects related to cultureal issues.
A set of rule-governed variations of a language.
Adapting teaching for all learners to meet individual needs.
Children who focus on making a judgement about what is read.
A strategy that uses visual images to evoke knowledge.
Incorporating the diverse needs and abilities of all students into classroom instruction.
A process in which students engage in experimentation and problem solving as they reseach issues and interests, gathering information from a variety of sources.
A teaching strategy in which the teacher scaffolds learning through divergent questions and students are encouraged to express their reactions to content on a personal level.
The diversity that results when a student's first language, or language of communication at home, is not the language of instruction in the school.
Fluid representations of knowing beyond traditionnal text. Examples are drama, painting, photography, and technological representations.
A framework for teacher repsonses to English language learners when they respond to teacher questions.
An approach to early intervention that provides struggling readers with assessments and placements based on repsonses to instruction.
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