RED4308 - Midterm51 cards

Tagged as: language, education, art, fitness, nursing, literature, english

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1

Literacy event

Any powerful, authentic instance of the use of language to convey meaning and understanding between a writer and reader.

2

Literacy coach

An individual who provides professional development opportunities and resources. In-class coaching and support provide a variety of professional development activities while in a nonevaluative role.

3

professional knowledge

Knowledge acquired from an ongoing study of the practice of teaching.

4

semantic cues

The prior knowledge and experience that readers briing to a reading situation. The meaning.

5

top down model

A type of reading model that assumes that the construction of textual meaning depends on the reader's prior knowledge and experience.

6

interactive model

A type of reading model that assumes that translating print to meaning involves using both prior knowledge and print and that the process is initiated by the reader making predictions about meaning and/pr decoding graphic symbols.

7

sociolinguistic

The study of the everday functions of language and how interactions with others and with the environment aid language comprehension and learning.

8

alphabetic principle

Principle suggestng that letters in the alphabet map to phonemes, the minimal sound units represented in written language.

9

bottom up model

A type of reading model that assumes that the process of translating print to meaning begins with the printed word and is initiated by decoding graphic symbols into sound.

10

decoding

The conscious or automatic processing and translating of the printed word into speech.

11

belief system

Theoretical orientations and philosophical approaches to the teaching of reading.

12

synactic cues

Using grammatical reasoning to figure out the word. For example, knowing subject verb agreement.

13

graphophonemic cues

Letter-sound information that readers process during reading.

14

constructivism

Learning theory associated with Jean Piaget that describes meaning-making as cognitively constructing knowledge by using prior knowledge and experience in interaction with the environment.

15

psycholingustics

The study of the mental faculties involved in acting on and interacting with wriiten language in an effort to make sense of a text.

16

schemata

Mental frameworks that humans use to organize and construct meaning.

17

orthographic knowledge

Knowledge of common letter patterns that skilled readers use rapidly and accurately to associate with sounds.

18

explicit

Based on stated information.

19

best practice

Thoughtful, informed, state of the art teaching in which literacy-related practices are theoretically sound and supported by research.

20

implicit

Based on unstated assumptions in conjuntion with given information.

21

autobiographical narrative

An instructional strategy to help students and teachers reflect upon personal knowledge.

22

Intertextuality

A word that is used by literar theorists to describe the connections that exist within and between texts.

23

Metacognition

Awareness of one's own cognitive processes, including task knowledge and self-monitoring of activity.

24

basal reading approach

Could be considered a bottom-up approach, presenting skills to be taught in a sequence, or an interactive program, featuring unedited children's literatuce, selections, strategy instruction, and writing opportunities.

25

comprehensive approach

Mutiple methods for teaching reading so they can create the appropirate balance of methods needed to teach children.

26

explicit strategy instruction

Instruction that makes clear the what, why, when, and how of skill and strategy use.

27

instructional scaffolding

Spiral curriculum, using what they already know and working from there, taking steps and reviewing.

28

intergrated language arts approach

An instructional approach in which reading, writing, listening, speaking, and viewing activities are connected through the use of literature.

29

language-experience approach (LEA)

A major approach to reading, located on the holistic side of the instructional continuum, tied closely to interactive or top-down theory. Often considered a beginning reading appraoch, connections between reading and writing are becoming more preval

30

literature-based instruction

Approach that has students select their own trade books, with the sessions followed by teacher-student conferences, at which students may be asked to read aloud from their selections; who want to provide for individual student differences in reading

31

technology-based instruction

An instructional approach that utilizes computers and their many capabilities.

32

units of language

Categories of written language, ranging from the smallest unit, letters, to the largest unit, the whole text selection, that are emphasized for instructional purposes.

33

whole language

A theoretical perspective that focuses on the intergration of all the language arts - reading, writing, speaking, and listening- to create child-responsive environments for learning that are supported by literature-based instruction.

34

academic and cognitive diversity

The situation that results when children learn faster than, slower than, or differently from what is expected in school.

35

additive approach

A thematic appraoch that addresses mutlicultural issues.

36

american standard english

The grammar, vocabulary, and pronunciation that are appropraite for public speaking and writing.

37

contributions approach

A multicultural approach that typically includes culturally specific celebrations and holidays.

38

cultural diversity

Situation that results when a student's home, family, socioeconomic group, culture, and society differ from the predominant culture of the school.

39

curriculum compacting

An alternatice way to accommondate gifted students in which the curriculum is compressed.

40

decision-making and social action approach

A multicutlural appraoch that provides students with opportunities to understake activies and projects related to cultureal issues.

41

dialect

A set of rule-governed variations of a language.

42

differentiated instruction

Adapting teaching for all learners to meet individual needs.

43

exceptional children

Children who focus on making a judgement about what is read.

44

image making

A strategy that uses visual images to evoke knowledge.

45

inclusion

Incorporating the diverse needs and abilities of all students into classroom instruction.

46

inquiry learning

A process in which students engage in experimentation and problem solving as they reseach issues and interests, gathering information from a variety of sources.

47

instructional conversations

A teaching strategy in which the teacher scaffolds learning through divergent questions and students are encouraged to express their reactions to content on a personal level.

48

linguistic diversity

The diversity that results when a student's first language, or language of communication at home, is not the language of instruction in the school.

49

multiliteracies

Fluid representations of knowing beyond traditionnal text. Examples are drama, painting, photography, and technological representations.

50

response protocol

A framework for teacher repsonses to English language learners when they respond to teacher questions.

51

response to intervention

An approach to early intervention that provides struggling readers with assessments and placements based on repsonses to instruction.