RM Test 1 Part 112 cards

Tagged as: nursing, literature, psychology

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1

What is science to Popper?

Something that ultimately could be falsified. Collecting data

2

What is science to Lakatos?

falsifiability is too limiting, science predicts novel findings (something that you wouldn’t just predict on your own, might not expect otherwise)

3

Hard science

more quantification, the amount of variable tends to be fewer and better controlled

4

soft science

more variables that are harder to capture, social science, things are messier

5

Supreme Court’s Daubert Decision

The theoretical underpinnings of the methods must yield testable predictions by means of which the theory could be falsified

6

science can be thought of in three different ways

o Attitudes o Process o Profession

7

All scientific processes, however, have a common aim

collect data that can support (or contradict) some notion about reality

8

Science as a process

A researcher must. . . o Work with the existing literature o Conduct studies o Document their studies

9

Ethics in Psychology

- Ethics are principles for morally correct behavior

10

empirical question

can be answered by collecting data

11

Operational Definitions

Some terms in an empirical question will need to be clarified

12

Two types of Empirical Questions

- Descriptive o Requires a researcher to describe some aspect of behavior - Causal o Requires a researcher to determine what causes something to happen