Reading, Writing, and Learning in ESL20 cards

Tagged as: education, english, esl, language

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1

English learners

non-native English speakers who are learning English in school




5

Three steps for receiving new students are:

(1) Gather basic facts. (2) Gather info about prior school experiences. (3) Become aware of native culture and current home culture.

6

What are some activities that may be used to get to know your students better?

(1) Have them write an illustrated autobiography. (2) Use a dialog journal. (3) Begin the school year with units based on "getting to know you" themes.

7

What is culture?

the shared beliefs, values, and rule-governed patterns of behavior, including language, that define a group and are required for group membership

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Three aspects of culture

(1) what people know and believe (2) what people do (3) what people make and use

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monolithic

characterized by uniformity

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static

without change

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ethnography

the study of a culture using introspection, interviewing, observation, and participant observation


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Three obstacles to teacher-student communication

(1) cultural values affecting language (2) lack of "wait time" after asking a question (3) known-answer questions seem odd/dubious

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known-answer question

questions used to assess student knowledge for which the teacher already knows the answer

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Obstacles to student participation

(1) social organization of lessons (2) cultural differences in teaching practices

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participation structures

formats for social learning (whole-class, small-group, individualized)

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differentiated instruction

instruction that considers multiple needs of diverse students

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Ways to obtain background information about your students

(1) through your district (2) through someone familiar with language/culture (3) interviewing the student

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Three ways to get to know your students

(1) illustrated biographies (2) interactive dialog journals (3) creating a world map where every student in the class marks their birthplace and connects it to their current city/school

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classroom culture

the rules, values, and expectations in your teaching environment