SOCIAL WORK 20073 cards

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Generalist VS Specialist Practice BSW/MSW Generalist

Foundation Competencies. BSW level. Focus on undergraduate social work education in generalist. Generalist social work practice involves the problem solving process. A generalist social worker has the ability to intervene in all sizes of client systems and varied practice roles as determined by the practice situation or practice settings

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Problem Solving Practice

1 PROBLEM DEFINITION 2 ASSESMENT 3 INTERVENTIONS 4 EVALUATION OF SELF PRACTICE The problem solving is based on liberal arts foundation that is integrated into the social work professional core and guided by systems and ecological theories, the social work code of ethics, an appreciation of human diversity, and a commitment to social and economic

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Specialist

Advanced Practice behaviors. Preparation for practice in an area of concentration. MSW Level

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Founding movements of the profession

1. Charity Organizations 2. Settlement Houses 3. Child Welfare Movement

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Flexner Report

said social work was not a profession

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Settlement Houses (3 things it did)

1. Formed strong foundation for generalist social work. 2. Environmental focus led naturally to an emphasis on advocacy and social reform.3. emphasized the empowerment of people. Families and neighborhoods were seen as potential vehicles for positive change.

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Hull House

Opened by Jane Adams and Ellen Gates Starr it was known as the most famous settlement house. Chicago 1889. Directed their efforts to the root cause of poverty. Hull house workers advocated for and helped pass laws involving child labor and mandatory education.

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Charity Organization Society (COS):

emphasis on scientific practice and expert knowledge. Initially the societies would used “friendly Visitors” who tried to help people figure out how to solve their problems. Focused on curing individuals not empowering communities

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NASW

Promotes SW practice and Policy Is for the profession of Social Work Established in 1955 Strengthen and unify profession Promote the development of social work practice Code of ethics> serve A guide for professional conduct focuses on the right of the individual to make free choices and have a quality of life.

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Council on Social Work Education (CSWE)

Regulates SW programs in the US Accredits Programs

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NASW Code of Ethics

offers a set of values, principles, and standards to guide decision making and conduct when ethical issues/ conflicts arise. *provides values that guide social workers on how to make decisions* Core Values from the preamble: service, social justice, dignity and worth of the person, importance of human relationships, integrity, competence

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Four sections of the NASW code of ethics

1. Preamble: summarizes the social work profession’s mission and core values 2. Purpose of the NASW code of ethics provides an overview of the codes main functions and a brief guide for dealings with ethical issues or dilemmas in social work practice 3. ethical principles 4. ethical standards includes specific ethical standards to guide social work

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Ethics

involve principles that specify what is good and what is bad. They clarify what should and should not be done.

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Ethical Decision Making (Abramson Reading):

One of the central task in life is the acquisitions of self-knowledge Abramson presents a framework for knowing oneself

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Major Premise

it is the person making the ethical decision rather than the ethical principles that is most important. The character of the person who is making the decision determines the kind of ethical decision that is made and how that person follows through with his or her decision.

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Ethical assessment

==> Prejudgments- influenced by our personal cultural history and shapes our thoughts and actions ==> Character and Virtue ==> Principles ==> Ethical theories ==> Free will/ self determination ==> Spirituality ==> Individual/ community ==> Voice *the ethically appropriate social worker has to simultaneously balance her own attitudes and beliefs wi

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Populations at risk and human diversity

Increasing diversity of the US population 30% of US residents are persons of color

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SW Ethical Value of respects for human diversity

cultural competency and cultural pluralism ==> appreciation and knowledge for other cultures and groups ==> respecting differences, building of strengths, common cultural values Implications for social work practice: understanding individuals in context

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Transactional nature of culture

==> Culture is always changing ==> Interrelatedness between workers and client ==> We are not separate from the clients we work with

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Hispanics

common language, extended family, respect for older adults, spirituality, strict division of gender roles.

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Native Americans

Extended family and respect for older adults, noninterference, harmony with nature, less formal and rigid concept of time, spirituality

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African Americas

Extended Family, Role Flexibility, Respect for older adults, strong religious beliefs.

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Asian Americans

Family VS individuals as a primary unit, interdependence, filial plety, investment in children, patriarchal hierarchy.

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Systems theory

a set of elements that make a whole. Each element is orderly and interrelated it encompasses all the systems that interact and affect each other any part of the system could change the whole system *systems theory relates to ecological perspective because of dual focus another way of thinking. All things are connected*

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Ecological Framework (eco-systems perspective):

common theoretical approach in social work a way of thinking and perceiving the world focuses on the interactions between individuals and various systems in the environment.

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Therapeutic or clinical tools used

ecomaps and genograms, maps or visualize the ecological system

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Person-in-environment

the actual fit between human wants and needs and the environmental resources available to meet them

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Strengths perspective

Focusing on clients strengths provides social workers with clues about how to proceed by building on these strengths

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Saleebey

articulates a strengths perspective that is essentially based on empowerment. He cites at least 5 primary underlying principles

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5 primary principles Saleebey

==> every individual, group, family, and community has strengths ==> trauma and abused, illness and struggle may be injurious but they may also be sources of challenge and opportunity ==> social workers should assume that they do not know the upper limits of the capacity to grow and change and take individual, group, and community aspirations seri

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Earliest form of aid

informal family and mutual self help Aid to the stranger formalized by religious institutions

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Elizabeth Poor Laws (1601)

1st public legislation establishing government system to meet the needs of the poor. Determined the kinds of assistance and set policy about who was responsive to assist whole

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Deserving poor

impotent poor and dependent children

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Undeserving poor

able bodied poor

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Residual

ABNORMAL needs should be met through family and job market, offered when aid from family or job had failed, aid from government (welfare), aid as little as possible and only temporary or in an emergency, stigma attached

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Institutional

NORMAL universal eligibility for everyone, viewed as part of human basic rights, viewed as part of human basic rights, aid preventive, ongoing, and adequate, no stigma attached

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Progressive years(1900-1930)

time of reforms and political activism, 1920 women gained the right to vote, expansion of volunteer organizations

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Federal initiatives (1930-1968)

30’s public issue VS private trouble initiatives (NEW Deal; SSA) 40’s-50’s: Post depression trends/ post war( national school lunch programs, national mental health act, civil rights movement, feminist activism) 60’s activism community focus initiatives civil rights laws; affirmative actions policies.

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Cutting Back (1968-present)

Progression slows and health care reform

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Social Insurance

retirement, death benefits, unemployment insurance, disability, veterans benefits

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Cash Relief

income eligibility=means tested Food stamps, WIC, Medicare, TANF

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Attributed by Need

Age Medicare head start, minority status action gender, special education; nursing homes, federal student loans/grants

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Basic Services/ Functioning

public housing 1st time home buyer, public transportation, k-12 education, student loans hope scholarships, public health care/clinics, community mental health, child protective services, prisons, energy efficient cars and buildings.

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Discrimination

the ACT of treating people differently according to the group they belong to rather than on merit

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Oppression

putting extreme limitations and constrain on some person, group, or larger system

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Marginalization

the conduction of having less power and being viewed as less important than others due to belonging to some group or having some characteristics

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Stereotype/prejudice

a fixed mental picture of member of some group based on some attribute or attributes that reflect an overly simplified view of them.

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Dorothe Dix

advocate for improving the treatment of patients suffering from mental and emotional disorders during the mid 1800’s

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Ida Cannon

she established the first organized social work department in a hospital 1915 originator of medical social work

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Jane Adams

she was a pioneer settlement worker, and founder of the Hull House in Chicago

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Mary Richmond

she was a huge part of the charity organization society and she taught in the first social work training school

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Secondary social work setting

A setting in which social work services support the primary purpose of the setting ex school

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Primary social work setting

A setting in that has fundamental social work purpose, in which majority of the staff are social workers

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Changing family demographics

==> decreasing number of families conform to traditional nuclear structure ==> 59% of population are married (low) ==> average age of marriage has increased steadily over past 30 years ==> 48% of all house holds are unmarried (increasing in unmarried couple) ==> half of all families contain no children ==> most Americans are living alone ==> incre

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Services and settings for practice with families

public and government agencies Child Welfare organizations (Public and Private Shelters Aging Settings

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In-home services

preventative, keep family together ==> Finical AID: SS, TANF, Medicare, Food stamps, subsidized lunches, and rent assistance ==> Family Life Education: developmental stages, nursing/weaning, toilet training discipline, issues of self esteem, parental skills communication

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Out of Home services

only if in-home is unsuccessful, can be temporary or long term ==> Foster care, group homes, adoptions, i ==> institutional care( last resort, provides the least normal environment), judicial system(truly last resort when treatment options have failed detention centers)

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Concept of Least Restrictive

Setting in which they can function with the greatest amount of independence. The overriding goal is to have children return to a normal family and community environment if at all possible

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Permanency Placement

Timely placement of children, adoptions if necessary, speeding up court hearings to terminate legal rights, recognizes child development need for a permanent and safe home. Infants and children under 4 typical stay 3.5-5.5 years

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Family Preservation

Crisis orientation, focus on the family, home based services, time limited-focused objectives, intensive comprehensive services, emphasis on skill building and education, coordination, flexibility, accessibility, accountability

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Teenage Parenthood

34% of all girls get pregnant at least once before age 20 Race percentages of pregnancy teenagers (ages 15-19): ==> 19% black teens ==> 13% Latina teens ==> 8% white teens Children born to teenage mothers are more likely to have children as teenagers themselves ==> 60% of teen mothers live below the poverty line ==> 80% of teens turn to public ass

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Developmental Disability

condition must occur before individual is 22 years old. Some conditions truly disabling, but not developmental.

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Congenital or Acquired Disability

at birth or due to stroke, traumatic brain injury, accident.

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ADA accomidations

A mandate for ending disability discrimination Set standards for accessibility, public services and opportunities for individuals and disabilities

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5 mandates

1.job opportunity and employment 2. public services and transportation 3. public accommodations and services operated by private entities 4. telecommunication services for individuals with hearing and or speech impairments 5. Miscellaneous provisions

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SW roles and support for people with disabilities

Counselor: individuals with disabilities and their families Educator: information provider Broker: link to necessary services Rehabilitation: teams member Case coordinator Advocate: creating new programs and raising awareness in society

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PROS of DSM

Why we should: a means of communication among treatment team helps make better treatment: medications, interventions, reduces patient anxiety, to avoid misdiagnosis, often defense mechanism unlock diagnosis

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CONS of DSM

Con Against: labels stereotypes, stigmatizes, problem focuses, diseased focused, medical model, may not be currently relevant or appropriate.

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Interdisciplinary treatment team roles

Coordinates services and provide intervention based on client diagnosis and treatment plan

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Schizophrenia

Delusional disorder. Mood is absent and at times inappropriate Disorder of thought and emotions Symptoms: diagnosis is made if two or more of the following- delusions, hallucinations and incoherent and very disorganized. Mood disorder: major depression

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Suicide and prevention

==> Major depression and substance abuse disorder ==> 2006 33,300 died ==> women attempt 2-3 times more ==> men: death 4 times more prevalent

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intervention and services

behavioral approaches, self-help- AA models, chemical treatments, therapeutic communities, programs development, family intervention

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Deinstitutionalization

Large scale implementation of psychotropic drugs led to the discharge of millions of chronic mentally ill persons in 1960’s out-patient settings: half way houses; day treatment programs, increased funding for community mental health centers.