Social Studies 1.517 cards

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loosely organized system of rule in which powerful local lord divided their land holdings among lesser lords


How did William the Conqueror become king?

William and Harold laid claim to the vacant throne after King Edward died, William won the Battle of Hastings over Harold


What did Henry II do as king?

-found ways to expand customs into law -sent out traveling judges to enforce royal laws -set the foundation for the English common law -adopted the idea that local citizens should take part in trials


What did James I do as king?

-behaved like an absolute monarch -rejected the demands of Puritans -clashed regulary with Parliament over money and foreign policy -in 1611 and 1614 he dissolved in the Parliament


Charles I

James's son claimed absolute power -imprisoned his foes without trial and squeezed the nation for money


What occured in the English civil war?

lasted from 1642 to 1649 led my general Oliver Cromwell parliament tried and executed the king in 1649


What happened after king Charles's son?

the House of Commons abolished the monarchy, the House of Lords, and the official Church of England -declared England as a republic -Catholics were exiled to barren land in the west of Ireland -Puritans gained influence throughout the government and society


What happened in 1660?

a newly executed parliament restored the monarchy by inviting Charles's son to rule


James II throne?

flaunted his catholic faith and suspended laws at whim many English Protestants feared that James would restore the Roman Catholic church


What happened in 1688?

Parliamentary leaders invited James's protestant daughter Mary and her Dutch Protestant husband, William III to rule -James fled to France this bloodless overthrow of the king was called the Glorious Revolution


What principles did the English Bill of Rights establish?

1) ensured superiority of the parliament over the monarchy 2) the monarch had to summon the parliament regularly 3) gave the house of commons the power of the purse 4) prohibited the monarch from interfearing with the arliamentary debates or to suspend laws 5) barred any roman catholic from sitting on the throne restated the traditional rights of E


How did the English Parliament limit the power of the monarch?

The parliament receieved the power of the purse or right to approve taxes allowed them force the monarch to meet its demands to obtain funding for wars, etc.


What new practices did strong monarchs introduce to England? -using a census to help build an efficiant system of tax collecting

Henry II -found ways to expand customs into law -sent out traveling judges to enforce royal laws -set the foundation of the English common la -local citizens should take part in trials