Sociology Final! :D28 cards

Tagged as: sociology, government, religion

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1

Assimilation

The process through which a person forsakes his or her cultural tradition to become part of a different culture.

2

Amalgamation

The process through which a majority group and a minority group combine to form a new group

3

Apartheid

A former poligy of the south african government designed to maintian the seperation of african americans and other none whites

4

Racial Group

A group that is set apart from others because of physical differences that have taken on social significance.

5

Racism

The belief that one race is supreme and all others are innately inferior.

6

Genocide

The deliberate systematic killing of an entire people or nation.

7

Minority group

The subordinate group whose members have significantly less control or power over their lives than the members of a dominate or majority group have over theirs.

8

Prejudice

A negative attitude toward an entire category of people often an ethic or racial minority.

9

Pluralism

Mutual respect for on anothers cultures amonf the various groups in society which allows minorities to express their cultures without experiancing prejudice.

10

Segregation

The physical seperation of two groups in terms of residence, work place, and social events; often imposed on a minority groups by a dominant group.

11

Exogamy

The requirement that people select a mate outside a certain group.

12

Endogamy

The restriction of mate selection to people within the same group.

13

Egalitarian Family

An Authority pattern in which spouses are regarded as equals.

14

Monogamy

A form of marriage in which one woman and one man are married to only eachother.

15

Polygamy

A form of marriage in which an indiviual may have several husbands or wives simultaneously.

16

Serial monogamy

A form of marriage in which a person may have several spouses in his or her lifetime but only one at a time.

17

Secularization

The process through which religions influence on other social institutions diminishes.

18

Protestant Ethic

Max Weber's term for the disciplined work ethic; this worldly concerns and rational orientation to life emphasized by john calvin and his followers.

19

Denomination

A large, organized religion that is not officially linked to the state of government

20

Tracking

The practice of placing students in specific curriculum groups on the basis of their test scores and other criteria.

21

Sect

A relitivly small religious group that has broken away from some other religious groups to renew what it considers the original vision of the faith.

22

Liberation theology

Use of a church, primarily Roman Catholic, in a political effort to eliminate poverty, discrimination and other forms of injustice from a secular society.

23

hidden Curriculum

Standards of behavior that are deemed proper by society and are taught subtly in schools.

24

Institutional discrimination

The denial of opportunities and equal rights to individuals and groups that results from the normal operations of a society

25

Discrimination

The denial of oppertunities and equal rights to individuals and groups because of prejudice or other arbitrary reasons

26

Ethnic Group

A group that is set apart from others primarily because of its national origin or distinctive cultural patterns.

27

Glass ceiling

An invisible barrier that blocks the promotion of a qualified individual in a work environment because of the individuals gender, race or ethnicity.

28

Cult

Generally small, secretive religious group that represents either a new religion of a major innovation of an existing faith.