Sociology Test 2 discussion and others8 cards

Tagged as: sociology, criminal justic, education, algebra, math

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1

Anomic Theory of deviance

Robert Merton’s theory of deviance as an adaption of socially prescribed goals or of the means governing their attainment, or both

2

Conflict theory of deviance

Richard Quinney theory view that he criminal justice system serves the interests of the powerful to suite their own deviances; supports victimless crimes

3

Labeling theory of deviance

an approach to deviance that attempts to explain why certain people are viewed as deviants while others engaged in the same behavior are not

4

Social learning theory of deviance

Akers’s theory that once a person has started to commit a crime, continued participation depends on the behaviors that are “reinforced”

5

Functionalist//conflict views of social institutions

Functionalist: Meeting basic social needs...focus.....essential functions Conflict: meeting basic social needs....maintenance of privileges and inequality.

6

Distinguish between primary and secondary groups

 Primary • Generally small • Long period of interaction • Intimate • Face-to-face • Some emotional depth • Corruptive or friendly  Secondary • Usually large • Relative short duration • Little social intimacy • Relationships superficial

7

Briefly summarize Max Weber’s five characteristics of bureaucracy

1.division of labor—produces efficacy in a large-scale corporation 2. Hierarchy of authority—clarifies who is in command 3. Written rules and regulations—let works know what is expect of them Impersonality—reduces bias Employment based on t

8

Using the objective method for defining social class, discuss the criteria that is used to measure social class

 Class is viewed largely as a statistical category  Assign social classes based on occupation, education, income, and place of residence  Key to the objective method is that he researcher, rather than the person being classified, identifies an i