Sociology Test 2 discussion and others8 cards

Tagged as: sociology, criminal justic, education, algebra, math

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Anomic Theory of deviance

Robert Merton’s theory of deviance as an adaption of socially prescribed goals or of the means governing their attainment, or both


Conflict theory of deviance

Richard Quinney theory view that he criminal justice system serves the interests of the powerful to suite their own deviances; supports victimless crimes


Labeling theory of deviance

an approach to deviance that attempts to explain why certain people are viewed as deviants while others engaged in the same behavior are not


Social learning theory of deviance

Akers’s theory that once a person has started to commit a crime, continued participation depends on the behaviors that are “reinforced”


Functionalist//conflict views of social institutions

Functionalist: Meeting basic social needs...focus.....essential functions Conflict: meeting basic social needs....maintenance of privileges and inequality.


Distinguish between primary and secondary groups

 Primary • Generally small • Long period of interaction • Intimate • Face-to-face • Some emotional depth • Corruptive or friendly  Secondary • Usually large • Relative short duration • Little social intimacy • Relationships superficial


Briefly summarize Max Weber’s five characteristics of bureaucracy

1.division of labor—produces efficacy in a large-scale corporation 2. Hierarchy of authority—clarifies who is in command 3. Written rules and regulations—let works know what is expect of them Impersonality—reduces bias Employment based on t


Using the objective method for defining social class, discuss the criteria that is used to measure social class

 Class is viewed largely as a statistical category  Assign social classes based on occupation, education, income, and place of residence  Key to the objective method is that he researcher, rather than the person being classified, identifies an i