Terminology of the Body27 cards

Tagged as: physics, anatomy, business

 copy deck Copy deck

1

Origin

Start of muscle ; Least movable

2

Insertion

Where the muscle ends ; Most movable

3

Joint

Where mutiple bones come together to produce movement ; Also refer to as Articulation

4

Flexion

Where a joint angle shortens ; Saggital Plane

5

Extension

Where a joint angle lengthens ; Saggital Plane

6

Saggital Plane

Left or right of the midline of the body

7

Frontal Plane

Divides the body into anterior and posterior

8

Transverse Plane

Divides the body into superior and inferior

9

Prone

Position face down

10

Supine

Position laying on back

11

Pronation

Wrist turned down

12

Supination

Writs turned up

13

Lateral

Away from the midline of the body

14

Medial

Towards the midline fo the body ; Close

15

Abduction

Away from the midline of the body

16

Adduction

Return motion towards the midline of the body

17

Cervical

Vertebrae region referring to the neck ; 8

18

Thoracic

Vertabrae region between the neck and abdomen ; Below the Cervical region ; 12

19

Lumbar

Vertabrae region between the abdomen and pelvis ; Below the Thoraic region ; 5

20

Sacrum

Irregular triagular shape bone made up of the 5 fused vertabrae below the Lumbar region ; 5

21

Coccyx

Region below the Sacrum ; 3-5 fused vertebrae ; 1

22

Tendons

End of muscle ; Connects muscle to bone ; Elastic; Able to stretch ; Needs oxygen

23

Ligament

Connects bone to bone ; Does not stretch ; Has low blood supply

24

Plantar flexion

On toes ; Heel up ; Extension of the ankle

25

Dorsiflexion

Heel down ; Toes up ;

26

Eversion

Abduction of the foot ; Lateral border of the foot is up ( big toe)

27

Inversion

Adduction of the foot ; Medial border of the foot is up (pinky toe