U.S. history 247 cards

Tagged as: history, criminal justic, law, government, act, psychology, business, education, biology, economics, computer science, philosophy, dance, medical, medicine, nursing, social work, religion

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1

Carpetbaggers

people camee from the north

2

Sodbusters

Made houses out of sod

3

muckrakers

exposed corruption in buissinesses or goverment (Muckrakers) Ida Tarbell, Lincoln Steffin, Daivid Graham Phillips, George Kebbie Turner, Upton Sinclair

4

scalawags

loyal to the union

5

sharecroppers

leased land to grow crops

6

19th Amendment

Gave women right to vote

7

17th Amendment

provided a direct election of U.S. Senators by U.S. Citizens

8

16th Amendment

Congress has the power to lay or collect taxes (poll taxes)

9

15th Amendment

right to vote shall not be denied on accont of color, race,

10

14th Amendment

required states to provide equal protection under the law to all people

11

Compromise of 1877

A unformal, unwritten document that settled the 1876 U.S. presidental election

12

Interstate commerce Act (1887)

designed to pervent unfair bussiness practices in the railroad industry. Statue shifted responsibily for econimc affairs from state the federal government

13

Feminism

more sexual right for women

14

nickelodeon's

silent movies

15

NAACP

Nation Association of the Advance of Colored People.. Pushed rights for black people,Did this by law suits

16

black codes

A body of laws and rules enacted by the southern states immeadiately after the civil war to regain control over freed slaves, mantain white supremacy and ensure the continues supply of cheap labor

17

Jim Crow Laws

separated the races in every walk of life, resulting legislative barrier to equal right created a system that favored whites and repressed blacks

18

Freedmen's Bureau

aided former slave through education, healthcare,and employment

19

Social Darwinism

the concept of competition among all individuals, groups, nations, or ideas drives social evolution in human societes

20

Gospel of wealth

if wealth it was the luck of the draw and you should give back Andrew Carnegie, John D. Rockefeller, Julius Rosenwald

21

Ku Klux Klan

tryed to control black population, (Colfax Masacre KKK killed 100's of blacks) had to be a member of KKK to run for anthing

22

Mississippi Plan

designed to get rid of all black voters

23

Pendleton Act

placed most federal employees on the merit system and marked the end of the spoil system

24

socialism

a broad array of doctrines or political movement that thinks a socio-economics system in which property and the distribution of wealth are subject to control by the community

25

progressivism

arose as a reponse to the vast changes brought by industrialization, and as an alternative both to the conservative response to social and economic veiws

26

populism

a political philosophy supporting the right and the power of the people in their struggles against the privileged elite

27

Ghost dance

(Sioux Indians) dance that washed the evil out of there lives and they would be imperiouse to disease, famine, and old age

28

Knights of Labor

one of the most important americen lador organization of the 19th century

29

Robber Barrons

bussinessman and banker who dominated their respective industries and amassed huge personal fortunes

30

populist party

The People's party, more commonly known as the Populist party, was organized in St. Louis in 1892 to represent the common folk—especially farmers—against the entrenched interests of railroads, bankers, processers, corporations, and the politicians in league with such interests

31

state proressive reforms

was initiated as a response to political and corporate abuses at the turn of the Twentieth Century. Religious groups, members of the press, and radical political groups all cried out for reform, with solutions ranging from subtle reforms of the American capitalist economy

32

jane addams

Pioneer in the field of social work who founded the settlement house movement through the establishment of Hull House in Chicago, Illinois

33

Booker T. Washinton

Former slave who founded the Tuskegee Institute that focused on teaching African-Americans trade skills to earn a living and gain the trust of white society

34

W.E.B. DuBois

Founder of the NAACP, and a Harvard-educated professor who focused on the need for a traditional liberal arts education for African-Americans who could then insist upon equal treatment and rights from white society.

35

Theodore Roosevelt

William McKinley's vice president until he was killed.( roughrider)

36

William McKinley

25th President of the United States, and the last veteran of the American Civil War to be elected to the office. He was the last President to serve in the nineteenth century and the first to serve in the twentieth.

37

Eugene v. Debs

an American union leader, one of the founding members of the International Labor Union. 1912 ran for president and won 6% of popular vote. Debs would eventually become one of the best-known socialists in the United States.

38

George Custer

a United States Army officer and cavalry commander in the American Civil War and the Indian Wars..Custer was defeated and killed at the Battle of the Little Bighorn in 1876,

39

William Howard Taft

27th President of the United Stat

40

Sitting Bull

Sioux holy man who led his people as a war chief during years of resistance to United States government policies. major victory at the Battle of the Little Bighorn against Lt. Col. George Armstrong Custer. nicknamed Slon-he or "Slow"

41

Andrew Johnson

17th President of the United States (1865–1869). Following the assassination of President Lincoln,

42

Robert LaFollette "Fighting Bob"

was an American politician who served as a U.S. Congressman. 17% of the national popular vote. He is best remembered as a proponent of progressivism and a vocal opponent of railroad trusts,

43

William Jennings Bryan

was the Democratic Party nominee for President of the United States in 1896, 1900 and 1908, . Because of his faith in the goodness and rightness of the common people, he was called "The Great Commoner."

44

Cornelius Vanderbilt

was an American entrepreneur who built his wealth in shipping and railroads and was the patriarch of the Vanderbilt family. (Vanderbilt Univisity)

45

Andrew Carnegie

He built Pittsburgh's Carnegie Steel Company, which was later merged with Elbert H. Gary's Federal Steel Company and several smaller companies to create U.S. Steel,sold it to J.P. Morgan in 1901, who created U.S. Steel Gospel of wealth

46

JOhn D. Rockefeller

revolutionized the petroleum industry and defined the structure of modern philanthropy. he founded the Standard Oil Company Gospel of wealth

47

Sherman Antitrust Act

requires the United States Federal government to investigate and pursue trusts, companies and organizations suspected of violating the Act