US History Chapter 1636 cards

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What is Satellite State?

A independent nation under the control of a more powerful nation.


What is Cold War?

A worldwide rivalry between the United States and the Soviet Union.


What is Iron Curtain?

A term coined by Winston Churchill to describe the border between the Soviet Union satellite states and Western Europe.


What is the Truman Doctrine?

President Truman's promise to help nations struggling against communist movements.


Who is George F. Kennan?

He is an American diplomat and a leading authority on the Soviet Union.


What is Containment?

A policy of keeping communism contained within its existing borders.


What is the Marshall Plan?

A foreign policy that offered economic aid to Western European countries after World War II.


What is the Berlin Airlift?

A program in which U.S. and British pilots flew supplies to West Berlin during a Soviet blockade.


What is NATO?

North American Treaty Organization. A military alliance formed to counter Soviet expansion.


What is Warsaw Pact?

A military alliance of the Soviet Union and its satellite states.


Who is Jiang Jieshi?

He had been fighting a in the civil war against the leader.


Who is Mao Zedong?

He is the leader of the communist.


What is the 38th Parallel?

Where the dividing line was set


Who is Douglas MacArthur?

He is a World War II hero. He had a bold plan to drive the invaders from South Korea. He suspected that the rapid advance of North Korean troops had left North Korea with limited supply lines. He decided to strike at this weakness by launching a surprise attack on the port city of Inchon, well behind enemy lines.


What is Limited War?

A war fought to achieve only specific goals.


What is SEATO?

Southeast Asia Treaty Organization. A defensive alliance aimed at preventing communist aggression in Asia.


What are Arms Race?

A contest in which nations compete to build more powerful weapons.


What is Mutually Assured Destruction?

A policy in which the United States and the Soviet Union hoped to deter nuclear war by building up enough weapons to destroy one another.


Who is John Foster Dulles?

He is an experience diplomat who had helped organize the United Nations after World War II. He endorsed the President's vision of the role the United States should play in the world.


What is Massive Retaliation?

A policy of threatening to use massive force in response to aggression.


What is Brinkmanship?

A belief that only by going to the brink of war could the United States protect itself against communist aggression.


Who is Nikita Khrushchev?

He soon emerged as the new head of the Soviet Union after Joseph Stalin died. He is not cruel and suspicious as Stalin. He condemned the excesses of the Stalin regime and inched toward more peaceful relations with the democratic West. He met Eisenhower at Switzerland.


What is Nationalize?

To place a resource under government control.


What is Suez Crisis?

A attempt by France and Great Britain to seize control of the Suez Canal in 1956.


What is Eisenhower Doctrine?

A policy of President Eisenhower that stated that the United States would use force to help any nation threatened by communism.


What is CIA?

Central Intelligence Agency. A U.S. intelligence-gathering organization.


What is NASA?

National Aeronautics and Space Administration. A government agency that coordinates U.S. efforts in space.


What is the Red Scare?

A fear that communists were working to destroy the American way of life.


What is the Smith Act?

A law that made it unlawful to teach or advocate the violent overthrow of the United States government.


What is HUAC?

House Un-American Activities Committee. A congressional committee that investigated possible subversive activities within the United States.


What is Hollywood Ten?

A group of movie writers, directors, and producers who refused to answer HUAC questions about communist ties.


What is Blacklist?

A list of persons who were not hired because of suspected communist ties.


Who is Alger Hiss?

He had been educated at Johns Hopkins University and Harvard Law School.


Who is Julius and Ethel Rosenberg?

They were from the poor, lower east side of Manhattan. They were sentenced to death for spying.


Who is Joseph R. McCarthy?

He charged that the State Department was infested with communist agents.


What is McCartyism?

A negative catchword for extreme, reckless charges of disloyalty.