World History Midterm Vocabulary Review100 cards

Tagged as: history, art, religion, language, spanish, business, criminal justic, law, english, government, medical, medicine, nursing, french, travel, capitals, act, education, physics

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1

Simony

bishops sold positions

2

inquistition

court held supress heresy

3

Gothic

new style of architecture

4

Crusade

"holy war"

5

reconquista

long effort by Spanish to drive Muslims out of Spain

6

lay investiture

kings appointed church bishops

7

three-field system

increased production, farmers could grow more crops on 2/3

8

guild

modern day union

9

commercial revolution

expansion of trade and business and growth of towns and cities

10

burgher

merchant-class town dwellers or middle class

11

vernacular

slang, everyday language

12

scholastics

schloar

13

common law

schoolmen, professors

14

magna carta

most celebrated document in english history

15

parliament

legislative group

16

estates-general

a meeting with commoners, wealthy, to participate in a council

17

great schism

split in the church

18

bubonic plague

deadly disease that spread around Europe killing 1/3 of people

19

hundred years war

war that lasted from 1337-1453

20

Urban II

pope that caused the Crusades

21

Saladin

muslim leader

22

23

Philip II

ruled 1180-1223

24

Henry II

English King

25

Hugh Capet

undistinguished duke from middle of France

26

Jan Hus

taught that the Bible had a higher authority than the pope

27

John Wycliffe

preached that Jesus was true head of the Church

28

Joan of Arc

french??

29

What were the three problems with the Church?

priests were married with families, bishop sold positions(simony), and lay investiture

30

What was the chief goal of the Crusades?

economic, social, political, and religious





35

What were John Wycliffe's main complaints about the Church?

Jesus was the true head of the Church


37

What did the devastation caused by the bubonic plague contribute to?

effects of plague, population fell, trade declined, prices rose, Jews were blamed for the problem, serfs left the manor to search for better wages




41

Why might lack of hygiene have been more of a problem in towns and cities then in the country?

with the amount of dirtyness in the towns, diseases could spread quickly

42

Why did Christian scholars travel to Muslim libraries?

to learn more information and explore learn new teachings

43

How did William the Conqueror begin the unification of England?

He granted land to everyone who were loyal to him

44

What ways did medieval rulers have to increase the size of their kingdoms?

By marrying into other families from other lands or taking one

45

Why might King John have been reluctant to sign the Magna Carta?

it would limit the king's power and guarantee basic political rights

46

Why might control of Paris have been so important to the Capetians?

If they control Paris then their control grow outwards, also controlling trade-important trade routes

47

Why did Pope Clement V move from Rome to Avignon in France?

Philip IV persuaded the college of cardinals to choose a French Pope

48

How did John Wycliffe's beliefs further weaken the power of the pope?

Wycliffe's belief, he preached that Jesus Christ was the final authority, not the pope.

49

Which characteristics of medieval towns might have contributed to the spread of the plague?

the fact that there were unsanitary streets, places to live, and the fact that there were no bathrooms

50

Why was the longbow such an effective weapon?

The longbow was cheap, easy to carry, and deadly. It was powerful enough to penetrate armor, thus reducing the impact of mounted cavalry

51

Lutheran

followers of Martin Luther

52

Protestant

applied to Christians who belonged to non-Catholic church

53

Anglican

Church of England

54

Edict of Worms

imperial order, that declared Luther an outlaw and heretic

55

indulgences

was a pardon- released sinner from sin

56

Pope Leo X

issued a decree threatening Luther with excommunication unless he took back his statements

57

Emperor Charles V

created Edict of Worms

58

Catherine of Aragon

Henry VIII first wife, wanted to get a divorce

59

Peace of Augsburg

religious statement-each ruler would decide religion of his state

60

Act of Supremacy

letting Henry get a divorce and official head of Church

61

Anne Boleyn

gave birth to Elizabeth and charged with treason

62

Elizabeth I

inherited the throne, daughter of Anne Boleyn

63

annul

set aside

64

recant

a withdraw, especially formally

65

Edward VI

became king when he was 9 and was guided Protestants, influencing him

66

Renaissance

"rebirth" revival of art and learning

67

Eramus

christian humanist, wrote the praise of folly

68

More

chrisitan humanist, wrote utopia


70

What were the changes in art?

-new techniques and style of art - portraits of individuals - artists created secular and religious works -writers began to use vernacular language -the arts praised individual achievements

71

What were the changes in society?

-printing - greater availability of books - published legal proceedings - published accounts of new dicoveries - Christian humanists' attempts to reform society - poeple began to question political structures and religious practices

72

Henry VIII

he wanted a divorce so he split from the church

73

synonym for secular

not related to

74

perspective

point of view

75

humanism is mix of?

greek and roman cultures

76

"in the vernacular" means to

in common language

77

utopia

no place

78

who wrote utopia?

thomas more

79

What did it mean to be a Renaissance man?

men who were good at basically everything

80

John Knox became known as

putting Calvin's ideas to work



83

Council of Trent

a. the Church's interpretation of the Bible was final

84

Causes of Reformation

social, political, religious, and economical

85

95 theses

former statements

86

Luther's 3 main teachings

-people could win salvation only by faith in God's gift of forgiveness - pope and Church traditions were false authorities - all people with faith were equal

87

Reformation Parliament

a parliament that passed a set of laws that end the pope's power in England

88

Church of England

Anglican Church

89

John Calvin

gave order to the faith Luther began

90

Predestination

doctrine that stated that God has known since the beginning of time who will be saved

91

Theocracy

a government controlled by religious leader

92

Catholic Reformation

movement that helped Catholics remained

93

Legacy of the Reformation

religious, social, political

94

Christopher Columbus

spanish explorer in 1492

95

colony

a land that is controlled by another nation

96

hernando cortes

Spaniard that landed on the shores of Mexico

97

conquistador

spanish explorers that followed Cortes

98

Francisco Pizarro

conquistador, marched as mall force into South America

99

Mestizo

mix of Spanish and Native American

100

encomienda

spanish force Native Americans to work within a system