World culture final (part 2)34 cards

Tagged as: government, religion, capitals, geography, history, fitness, physics, french, language, economics, geology, medical, art, literature, math

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1

What are characteristics that define a region

Physical - landforms Location- longitude or lattitude Cultural- religion Political- economy or government

2

The rivers in Africa

Nile- longest river, flows south to north Congo- central, hydro. power, transverse Niger- irrigation, flows from the Sahara to the sea Zambezi- border of Zimbabwe and Zambia, Victoria falls

3

Impact of the European rule in Africa

• good •focused more on the middle class • communication increased • transportation increased • bad • destroyed the family life • over population • destroyed the community ties

4

Role of the family in anthropothogy

- passed down traditions and culture - held society together - most important unit

5

Importance of the gold and salt trade

- kingdoms grew - brought more people - trade routes form and grew - many things were spread - kingdoms: Mali, Ghana, Ziambabwe

6

Results of the industrial revolution in Europe

- more use of machines - increased urbanization - started reform movements - imperialism ,nationalism, and westernization grew - population increased - modernization increased

7

Characteristics of the ancient Egyptian society

Polytheistic Built monuments Came up with a calendar and three seasons Made a form of writing Used mummification

8

Characteristics of traditional African religions

Way of life Worshiped gods Anamistics Worshiped their ancestors

9

Role of the pharaoh

Ruler Mediator Preserve ma'at

10

Impact of the Mughal empire

The last great empire Cultural blending United islam and Hinduism Adopted religious tolerance Taj mahal Akbar

11

Differences between Christianity and Hinduism

C- One god Jesus ( gods son) Trinity Resurrection H- More than one god No founder Reincarnation Vedas Jesus is a guru

12

Cultural source of Hinduism

Aryan culture No true founder or formal church

13

Goal of the Buddha

Gain enlightenment To find the cause of human pain and suffering And it's cure Reach nirvana

14

How was Buddhism spred

Missionaries Mouth 3 baskets of wisdom

15

The sepoy rebellion

Cause Guns were greased in pork fat British force dthem to do things Effect Thought that they would loose their caste India become a colony and the British had direct rule Lasting distrust

16

Thai kingdom

Monguls invaided Weakened other groups and then became stronger Included the chakkri family Setup a dynasty

17

Thailands role in the European colonization on south east asia

Thailand is between British and the french Signed treatise to stay independent They helped modernize

18

Influences of Gandhi

Many people followed him Used : satyagraha and civil disobedience Spread the ideas of Henry david

19

Characteristics of the castle system

Problems: modernization and economis opportunity Aryan Varna System of social groups based on the caste you are in based on your bith Brahman Kshatriyas Vaishya Shura Untouchable or outcaste

20

Effect of nationalism

Brought nations together Avoided wars After WWII countries became independent Countries rebelled

21

Common features of the early civilization

Oral traditions Irrigations High structure for flooding Building structures Temples

22

Great rift valley

Red sea to the Zambezi river Fertile Tropical wet and dry Rich in minerals and metal Mountains and valley

23

Physical characteristics of Africa

Deserts- Sahara Rain forest- Congo Rivers Plateaus Great rift valley Savannas- sarigehti Falls-Victoria

24

Mansa musa

Mali Spread Islam Built mosques Koan Took a trip to mecca

25

Resons for culturally distinct regions

Landforms- mts Rivers Oceans Cultures

26

Characteristics of Axum

Ethiopia Important for trading Conquered the mush The reason for the decline and the fall of the kingdom

27

Characteristics for a strong government

Military Economy Literary Buildings Records Roads Religion

28

Achievements of the Gupta dynasty

Art- murals Math- concept of zero and the decimal system Literature- poems and plays

29

India's policies post independence

Changed: to a mixed economy and women's right improved Industrial economic independence Focused less on the caste system And more on family life

30

The influence on population patterns in australia and new Zealand

N.Z.- on the coast because of mountains Australia- on the coast because of the rain shadow, desert, higher elevation

31

Characteristics of the aborigines

Nomadic Deeply religious Oral traditions

32

Characteristics of the Maori

Farmers Lived in villages And they were religious

33

Role of the Europe in Australia

Penal colony Farmers Established a way of life Brought: language,culture, and customs

34

Influence of Oceania in the worlds economy

Preserved peace War bases Exports of fish and fruits Vacation