ancient rome 42 cards

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1

ancient rome

-central location (west coast of italy) -apennine mountains (less isolation, low, easy to move around) -broad fertile plains (good for farming) -tiber and Arno river -greek and etruscans (also make combine religions to make roman religion -300 roman senators

2

constitutions

sets up government

3

senate

makes laws, elect consuls

4

consul

advise senate, army

5

tribunes

voted in by plebeians , veto

6

dictator

war

7

laws of twelve tables

450 BC starts to follow laws, write them down

8

women

can own business, art, show political influence, bath houses, can dine together with out men, theater, and forms of art

9

education

boys and girls learn to read and write, tutors (wealthily families, boys only) history most important topic, rhetoric

10

religion

polytheistic, festivals, temples

11

legion

basic military unit: well trained, work with out pay, provided with food and housing =, courage and loyalty=rewards, bad things=beaten or stoned

12

julius caesar

- military commander, dominated politics, crushed pompey and became dictator -reforms: public works, gave land to poor, reorganized governments, new calendar (julian) -assassinated because his enemies worried he would become king --> civil war

13

roman achievement

literature based ob greeks, poetry (patriotic and satirical), philosophy (stoicism-logical) Art supported realism, sculptures, mosaics and frescos, aqueducts (carry water across nation) use lever and pulleys, law order and justice= applied to all people under roman rule, 5 basic principles, created unity

14

5 basic principles

1. all under law 2. innocent until proven guilty 3. accused can face accuser and defend self 4. guilt must be proven (evidence) 5. decisions based on fairness

15

diocletian's reforms

1. divide empire in half (284 AD) 2. economic reforms: price fixing -set max price vote a good -sons follow father's jobs

16

invasions by

germans and huns

17

armies become smaller because

mercenaries aren't loyal

18

government=

corrupt


20

high taxes, lower population, slavery =

middle class disappears

21

causes of rome's decline

bread and circuses covered up real problems and cause people to be not self-reliant

22

ancient rome

-central location (west coast of italy) -apennine mountains (less isolation, low, easy to move around) -broad fertile plains (good for farming) -tiber and Arno river -greek and etruscans (also make combine religions to make roman religion -300 roman senators

23

constitutions

sets up government

24

senate

makes laws, elect consuls

25

consul

advise senate, army

26

tribunes

voted in by plebeians , veto

27

dictator

war

28

laws of twelve tables

450 BC starts to follow laws, write them down

29

women

can own business, art, show political influence, bath houses, can dine together with out men, theater, and forms of art

30

education

boys and girls learn to read and write, tutors (wealthily families, boys only) history most important topic, rhetoric

31

religion

polytheistic, festivals, temples

32

legion

basic military unit: well trained, work with out pay, provided with food and housing =, courage and loyalty=rewards, bad things=beaten or stoned

33

julius caesar

- military commander, dominated politics, crushed pompey and became dictator -reforms: public works, gave land to poor, reorganized governments, new calendar (julian) -assassinated because his enemies worried he would become king --> civil war

34

roman achievement

literature based ob greeks, poetry (patriotic and satirical), philosophy (stoicism-logical) Art supported realism, sculptures, mosaics and frescos, aqueducts (carry water across nation) use lever and pulleys, law order and justice= applied to all people under roman rule, 5 basic principles, created unity

35

5 basic principles

1. all under law 2. innocent until proven guilty 3. accused can face accuser and defend self 4. guilt must be proven (evidence) 5. decisions based on fairness

36

diocletian's reforms

1. divide empire in half (284 AD) 2. economic reforms: price fixing -set max price vote a good -sons follow father's jobs

37

invasions by

germans and huns

38

armies become smaller because

mercenaries aren't loyal

39

government=

corrupt


41

high taxes, lower population, slavery =

middle class disappears

42

causes of rome's decline

bread and circuses covered up real problems and cause people to be not self-reliant