chapter 9 sect 1,2,335 cards

Tagged as: accounting, criminal justic, history, french, language, religion, law, government, german, capitals

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1

Domesday book

book of census ordered by William of Normandy listed every castle,field and pigpen in England helped later monarchs build an efficient tax collecting system.

2

Henry II

Broadened the system of royal justice. eveloped early jury systems. Claimed the right to try clergy in royal courts

3

Thomas becket

archbishop of Canterbury Opposed his claim. Murdered by Henry II

4

Parliament

great council evolved into parliament in 1200s ,helped unify England. developed into a 2 house body (The house of Lords with nobles and high clerigy the House of Commons with Knights and middle class citizens)

5

Louis IX

French ruler . Enbodied the ideal of the perfect medieval Monarch(Generous , noble and devoted to justice and chivalry). outlawed private wars and ended serfdom in his lands.

6

Philip IV

Lois’s grandson, Was forbidden to tax the clerigy without Papal consent by Pope Boniface VIII. He countered by threatening to arrest any clerigy that did not pay up.

7

Estates general

Set up by Philip in 1302. assembly of the estates of all France Had representatives from all 3 classes (clerigy, nobles and townspeople)




11

Principles established by the Magna Carta

Asserted that nobles had certain rights made it clear that the monarch must obey the laws

12

How did the Capetians increase royal power in England?

The Capetians built an effective beurocracy Effective tax system Gained the support of the new middle class. And the church

13

Gregory VII

Pope determined to make the church independent of secular rulers. Banned practice of Ley Investiture.

14

Concordat of worms

treaty between Henry IV and the church. (agreed that the church had the sole power to elect and invest bishops with spiritual authority. The Emperor had the right to invest them with fiefs.)

15

Frederick II

child of Henry and Constance. Holy roman emperor

16

Innocent III

Pope that took office in 1198 Claimed supremacy over all other rulers. He excomunicated King John of England and Frederick II

17

Albigensian crusdade

crusade launched by Innocent and Phillip II against Albigensian in southern France.


19

invalidate

annul

20

holy war

crusade

21

Why was the power of German Emperors limited?

Because of the constant interference of the Church. (supreme power)

22

How did conflicts between Popes and Emperors affect the Holy Roman Empire and Italy?

The roman empire was divided into many feudal states. Italy was caught in constant war that eventually led it to its ruin.

23

How did Pope Innocent III assert the power of the church?

By excommunicating disobedient rulers and by launching the Albigensian crusade.

24

Crusades

Byzantine emperor asked Pope Urban II for Christian knights to help him against Turks. Christian knights captured Jerusalem There were a total of four crusades that lasted over 200 years. (Christians vs. Muslims).

25

Council of Claremont

Pope Urban incited bishops and nobles to action against Jerusalem.

26

Saladin

Muslim leader of Jerusalem. He reopened the Holy city to Christian pilgrims.

27

Reconquista

Christian campaign to drive the Muslims out of Spain

28

Ferdinand and Isabela

They completed the reconquista. Isabella ended the policy of toleration and launched a brutal crusade against Jews and Muslims. Achieved religious unity.

29

split

Schism

30

collect

levy



33

Why did Europeans join the crusades?

-They were inspired by the fiery preachers - religious zeal -hope of winning wealth and land -escape troubles at home -yearning for adventure

34

What were 3 results of the crusades?

increase in trade (fabrics, spices and perfumes) increase power of monarchs (collecting taxes) papal power

35

How did Spain achieve political and religious unity?

Political - through the marriage of Isabela and Ferdinand. Religious- they achieved the reconquista and Isabela eliminated religious toleration.