drugs and society88 cards

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1

drugs

any substance that modifys the mind or body functioning

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psychoactive drugs

drug compounds that affect that CNS and alters consciousness/perceptions

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gateway drugs

types of drugs (weed alcohol tobacco )when taken alot of can lead to use of harder drugs (crack meth)

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designer drugs

taking one drug and adding to it to make a new drug that is ligit

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equal opportunity alliction

drug is used every where no matter education society income

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DEA

drug enforcement administration federal agency responsible for us drug laws

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process of addiction (stages of dependency)

relief increased use phase preoccupation phase (supply) dependency phase (addiction) withdrawl phase

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controlled substance act

tells you what drugs are illigal (illicit)

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drug misuse

lending your friend your left over oxicotton

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legal instrumental

a prescribed drug to treat a medical reason (insulin)

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legal recrational

using a legal drug to change state of mind (alcohol)

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illegal instrumental

taking drugs with out prescription (adaral to study)

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illegal recreational

illicit drugs for fun (crushing adoral in place of coke)

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expirmentor

a beginner once or twice drug user

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complusivie user

addicts they need the drug full time users

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floaters or chippers

uses other peoples drugs

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national institude on drug abuse (NIDA)

the princple federal agency responsible for directing drug use abuse and related research

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employee assistance programs (EAPs)

drug assistance programs for drug dependent employees (all employees will follow the same steps : rehab supsion fired)

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moral model

the belief that people abuse drugs because they choice too

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disease model

the belief that people abuse drugs because of some biologically caused condition - leads to wanting to be treated

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double wall of encaspulation

when a person withdrawls themselves emotionally and turns to drugs

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tolerence

more amounts of the drug to feel the effect

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withdrawl

sweating vomiting chills some drugs have worse symptoms than others

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enabler

helps a drug with a drug problem (calling your fiance boss because she is hungover but says she has the flu)

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biological view

drug use as disease strong genetic link

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psychological theories

emotional internal state

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introversion

turns feelings inward they wanna feel out of the box - stimulants

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extroversion

turns feelings outwards (want to feel different ) - alcohol and depressents

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neurotrasmitter

the chemical messengers release by nerve cells for communcation with other cells drug use alters the way messages are sent

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dopamine

"feel good"

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social learning theory

how the individual learns patterns of behavior from the attitudes of their peers

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addiction to pleasure theory

a theory assuming that it is biologically normal to continue a pleasure stimulus once begun

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sensation seeking individuals

people who are seeking new trills

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differential reinforcement

ration between reinfores both favorable and disfavorable for sustaining drug use behavior drug using peers vs non drug using perferance for drugs in a community if more good happens from the drug person may continue

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social learning theory

sociological theories that view a persons day to day social relations as a primary cause for drug use

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primary group

intaminte groups parents family friends

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secondary groups

the cashier at shop rite

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labeling

what people close to you think of you will eventually effect you

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deviant

in the case of the person

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deviance

in the case of the behavior

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primary deviance

any type of intial deviant behavior in which the person doe snot identify with the deviance first time violators

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secondary deviance

any type of deviant behavior in which the person indentifies with the deviance the begin to see themselves as drug user

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social strain theory

upset you didnt reach your goals and turn to drugs

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social disorganizational theory

not feeling connected to society society is broken down to much (single married gay toddler baby etc)

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endogenus

its already in your body

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PNS

perfial nervous system controls bodies reaction heat pressure safe (removing hand from hot stove)

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Nonprescription drugs

OTC (over the counter) habit forming not safe for self medication new compound and hasnt been shown safe

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thalidomide

a sedetive drug that when used during pregnancy can cause birth defects

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phocomelia

a birth defect : impaired arms and legs

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FDA Mandates ...

ensure the rightsw and safety of humans evulate the safety and effects of a new treatements comtopare and constract new drugs to compared whether that can me marketed

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regulations steps for a new prescription drug Step 1

preclinical research and developement - tested on animals - must be indentified as having a potentional ttreatment to condition or disease

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regulations steps for a new prescription drug step 2

clinical research and developement - tested on humans stage 1 - tested on 20-100 people : find sideeffects stage 2 - a few 100 people : tested on people with that conidtion stage 3 - thousands : sent to doctors who want to try it


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switching policy

allows the agency to review prescription drugs to make OTC - must have been a prescription for 3 years - need for it was high - side effects or reactions must not have changed

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Harrison act 1914

1st legimate effort by the US government to regulate addicting substance

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comprehensive drug abuse potential and control act of 1970

drugs placed in schedules based on their pontetial abuse and clincial research

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Schedule 1

high abuse potential and no current approved medical use marijuana

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Schedule 2

high abuse potenial but are approved for medical purpose and con be precribed with restirctions cociane

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schedule 3 - 5

substances reflect the likeihood of abuse controlling and the degree to which the drugs are controlled by governemnt agecnies

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picking a schedule

actual or relative potential for abuse scientific evidence of the pharmacological effects of the drug that state of current scientific knowledge regarding the substance its history and current pattern of abuse what if any risks there is to the public health scope duration and signifiance of abuse whether the subs

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supply reduction

a drug redation policy aimed at reducing the supply of illegal drugs and controlling therapautic drugs

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demand reduction

attempts to decrease individuals tendencies to use drugs often aimed at youth on refeinforcing values and behavoirs dare

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inculation

a method abuse prevention that protects drug users by teaching them responbility just say no

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drug courts (1989)

a process that intergrates substance abuse treatment incentives and sanctions and places nonvolient drug involved defendants in judically supervised rehabitualltation programs

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interduction

decrease amounts of drugs harsh trafficking laws or paying countries to burn crops

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homestasis

maintence of internal stabilty necessary to optimize bodily functions and essential to surive

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nervous system

relating to the brain spinal cord neautrons and associated elements

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neurons

specialized nerve cells that make up the nervous system and release neaurotransmitter (building blocks) responsible for conducting the homestasis functions of the brain and sending and recieving messages

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axons

an extension of the neuronal cell body alone which electronchemical signals travel

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receptors

special proteins in the membrane that are activated by natural substances or drugs to alter cell function

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target cells

other neurons or cells that make up organs muscles or glands heart kidney liver

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endorphins

neurotransmitter that have narcotic like effects

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agonistic

a type of substance that activates a receptor interacts with the receptor and produces some type of cellular response narcotic drugs

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antagonistic

a type of substance that blocks a receptor interacts with the receptor but prevents a response

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ANS

autonomic nervous system controls the unconscious functions breathing blinking

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endorine system

constist of glands which are ductless essential in regulating functions metabolism tissue repair

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steroids

hormones related to the corticosteroids released from the adrenal cortex

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1906 pure food and drug act

address to the public if their are addictive drugs in the product

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sherley amend 1912

labels cant contain lies

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1938 federal food and consmetic act

FDA must be contacted when a new drugs comes around ingrediants must be on label instructions for use warnings dangers

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1951 durham humphray amend

made rules whether it would be otc-btc

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1962 kefauver and harris amend

the drugs need to effective and safe

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dose response

how much takes to reach certain levels 4 drops = death

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IND

investorgator new drug number

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NDA

new drug application

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fast track drug

its pushed through the process faster tamaflu

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prescription drug user act 1992

if a drug needs to be marketed fast pharamecies will pay for people to process it faster

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orphan drug law

drug companies get tax back for research for a product that goes for a rare disease