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legal education28 cards
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4 (Middle Temple/Inner Temple/Grays/ Lincolns) London, to educate lawyers.
students would live, eat and learn with lawyers.
Inns of Court- they would hold mootings which were mock trials
Lawyers who went to court (in London)
Lawyers who did not go to court (in London)
Reading law, proprietary schools, univerities
under a lawyer in a law office
no time limit
no regulations and some lawyers took advantage of students
read cases, published opinons, copy legal documents, follow mentor to court, read treatise
Good law students would read 1. Litteton (14th ctry on property law) 2. Edward Coke expanded on Littleton 3. Blackstone 1760 Commentaries -used by all lawyers
Students would write down info from treatise in commonplace book to help them in their practice
Oral, no regulation, no undergrad, you only had to satisfy to a judge that you knew the law.
not connected to largr institution (ran by judges)- leading way to educate up till Civil War
connected with university (eventually won out)
Conn. most famous, started by Tapping Reeve 1774, up to 55 students, James gould became partner, all year schook, 14 months to complete, 48 different legal topics, lecture 1 1/2 hrs every day and then read treatise and compiled commonplace books, exams on Sat. Mondays had moot courts.
formed by William Tracy Gould 1823 -1st in deep south open till 1855
Best known prop. school in south -Richmond Pearson (NC)from 1836-1878 over 1000 students, former justice of NC Supr. ct, taught March-June, Sept-Dec, either took 1 to 2 years to complete, 10-30 students lived in houses or cabins, 3 lectures per week, socratic method, 2 hr classes
judges did not get paid much then (worked about 1/2 the time) to supp. income and increase the legal knowledge of others that would practice in front of them.
1. Pearson-Richmond Hill 2. William Horn Battle- Became Univ. of NC 3. Frederick Nash- also had law school
legal practice became more demanding and judges did not have time or when they died they ended
1779- 1st institutized legal ed. in America
George Wythe (Va. legis & judge)
Jefferson (as gov. of VA) -wanted to remake college (created law school)
different than modern schools, not for graduates, take other classes too, qtr system, 2 times per week, read cases & treatise (latest cases), formed commonplace books, moot courts-student argued, wythe judge, citizens were jury, he picked cases and had them argue , once per month in Old Capital building, moot legislator- every sat,
in 1790, St. George Tucker took his place for 12 years
Reading treatise or case/socratic method - socratice method and reading cases
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