psyc 151 cards

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1

psychology

the scientific study of behavior and mental processes

2

four goals of psyc

-description what is happening? -Explanation why is it happening? -Prediction when will it happen again? -control how can it be changed?

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developmental psyc

changes in behavior over the life span

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personality psyc

examines consistencies in people's behavior over time and traits that differ us from one another

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understanding change and individual diff

-developmental psyc -personality psyc

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sensation,perception, learning and thinking

-experimental psyc -cognitive psyc

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experimental psyc

methodological study of sensing, perceiving, learning, and thinking

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cognitive psyc

emphasis on higher mental processes

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physical and mental health

-behavioral neuroscience -health psyc -clinical psyc

10

behavioral neuroscience

specializes in the biological bases of behavior

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health psyc

explores relationship b/w psychological factors and physical ailments or disease

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clinical psyc

investigates diagnosis and treatment of psychological disorders

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understanding our social networks

-social psyc -cross-cultural psyc

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social psyc

studies how people are affected by others

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cross-cultural psyc

focuses on the similarities and differances in psyc functioning across cultures and ethnic groups

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new frontiers

-clinical neuropsychology -behavioral genetics -evolutionary psychology

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clinical neuropsychology

focuses on relationships b/w biological factors and psychological disorders

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behavioral genetics

focuses on how we might inheris genes and the environment influences whether we will dirplay traits

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evolutionary psyc

examines influence of our gernetic heritage and our behavior




23

father of psychology

Wilhelm Wundt

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introspection

a procedure used to study the structure of the mind in which subjects are asked to describe what they experince when they are exposed to a stimulus

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structuralism

E.B. Titchener

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Functionalism

William James

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Gestalt

Max Wertheimer

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what is Structuralism

-focused on basic building blocks of perception, consciousness, thinking, and emotions -introspection

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what is functionalism

-moved from structure to the role people to adapt to their enviornments

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what is Gestalt psyc

the whole is different,from the sum of its parts

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psychodynamic

Sigmund freud

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what is psychodynamic

-herapy ( laying on a coach saying life story ) -behavior influences of inner forces ,nconscious,

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father of Behaviorism

John B. Watson

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others in Behaviorism

-B.F. Skinner -Ivan Pavlov

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Humanism

-Carol Rogers -Abraham Maslow

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Neuroscience perspective

biological bases of behavior: the brain and the nervous system

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Cognitive perspective

how people think, understand, and know about the world

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Humanistic perspective

-free will -natural tendency to be in control of our lives

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Behavioral perspective

focus on observable events

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scientific method

the approach used by psychologists to systematically acquire knowledge and understanding about behavior and other phenomena of interest

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steps of scientific method

-decide what to study -develop a question and formulate -hypothesis -perform a literature review -design your study -collect and analyze your data -draw conclusions -report results

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theories

broad explanations and predictions concerning phenomena of interest

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hypothesis

educated guess

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operationalization

the process of translating a hypothesis into specific testable procedures that can be measured and obsened

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archival research

use of existing data in order to test a hypothesis

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naturalistic observation

observation of naturally occuring behavior without intervention

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survey research

a sample of people are asked series of questions about their behavior thoughts and attitudes in order to represent a larger population

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case study

an in-depth intensive investigation of individual or small group of people

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observer effect

tendancy of subject to behave differantly when being watched

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observer bias

observer to see what they expect to see

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participant observation

researcher becomes a participant in the group being observed