world history 37 cards

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1

what is JIHAD?

you can have: -verbal -physical -personal "holy war"

2

who are the ASSYRIANS?

-dominate for 500 years. -roads, mail, money, library -governed through fear -capital= Nineveh -destroyed by other civilizations

3

who were the PERSIANS?

-tolerant of conquered people's customs and religions -well-organized government -became prosperous through trade -led by Cyrus the Great

4

what is CONFUCIANISM?

-five key relationships -ruler to subject -father to son -husband to wife -older bro to younger bro -friend to friend rulers rule by moral example

5

what is LEGALISM?

-MAN=EVIL -strict laws needed -disobey and die -strong central government -absolute leader -QIN DYNASTY

6

what was GREECE'S GEOGRAPHY like?

-low rugged mountains -3/4ths of land -only 20% suitable for farming -every town is close to the ocean

7

what was LIFE IN SPARTA like?

-MILITARY state -revolts force them to live by strict codes -young boys taken to military camp at age 7 -young girls taught to fight and to be tough -personal expression is outlawed -only the strong survive

8

who were the MINOANS?

- lived on crete -King Minos

9

who were the MYCENAEANS?

-Indo-europens from central asia -intermarried with native Hellenes on mainland -adopted Minoan customs -capital=Mycenae -rulers lived lavished lives -trojan war

10

what was the PELOPONNESIAN WAR?

-Athens vs. Sparta -Both city states want to control Greece -athens built up powerful navy because they wanted to control trade routs -declares war on sprata -war lasted 27 years -Athens surrendered to Sparta

11

what was the SOCIAL CLASSES IN ROME like?

plebianss! -farmers, merchants, artisans -90% of population patricianss! -wealthy aristocrats -land owners -10% of population

12

describe the PUNIC WARS.

-as rome expanded into the Mediterranean, they run into the Phoenecians (punic) this starts three warss! 1ST PUNIC WAR: -battle for sicily -Rome wins 2ND PUNIC WAR: -Hannibal marches massive army into Italy and wreaks havoc for ten years -R

13

who was in the 1ST TRIUMVIRATE?

-Marc Antony -Octavius -Lepidus

14

15

what is the importance of MYTHOLOGY?

most of the Greeks and Romans based their religions on mythology.

16

17

what happens to the early Christians who lived in Rome?

They were long persecuted by the Romans

18

what is CHIVALRY?

-Knights are expected to obey a strict set of laws known as Chivalry -they are required to protect: -Lord -Lady -God -supposed to be brave and couteous

19

what is a VASSAL?

-under feudalism, a man who served a lord in a military capacity

20

what was LAY INVESTURE?

a ceremony where kings and nobles appointed church officials banned by pope Gregory VII

21

who was POPE GREGORY I?

broadens power of the church beyond a spiritual leader. -more secular view

22

who was JOAN OF ARC?

-she claimed she was a messenger from God. -led a french army against the english at the siege of orleans and won -she was captured by the english and declared a witch. -burned at the stake

23

what was the HUNDREDS YEAR WAR?

-when a king of france died he forot to leave someone in charge. -the English King EDWARD III claimed the throne as the grandson -this started the 100 years war.

24

what was the BUBONIC PLAGUE?

killed 1/3 of population it was carried by fleas on rats

25

what was the QURAN?

the muslim "bible"

26

what was GOTHIC ARCHITECTURE?

-very dark architecture -no hope -pointed arches -stained glass -gargoyles

27

what was the GREAT SCHISM?

-where they were trying to figure out who was going to be the point -at one point there were three popes


29

LEONARDO DA VINCI

-scientist, painter, writer, engineer, -"mirror writing" -mona lisa -the last supper

30

MICHELANGELO

-excelled in most areas of study -designed st. peter's basillica -painted the ceiling of the sistine chapel -sculpted la pieta and david

31

what is HUMANISM?

focusing on human potential and achievements


33

what were the 95 THESIS?

Martin Luther posted them on the door of a church saying 95 things that the church is doing wrong. eventually spread throughout england

34

what was a RENAISSANCE MAN/WOMEN?

MAN= -master all areas of study -the courtier -charming -well educated -artsy (sing, play music, write poetry) WOMEN= -supposed to be charming and know the classics but not to seek fame. -they could inspire art but not create it

35

what is MORES UTOPIA?

-UTOPIA= the ideal place to be -Mores Utopia -place where greed, corruption, war, and crime were eliminated

36

SHAKESPEAR

-romeo and juliet -hamlet -a mid summers nights dream -taming the shrew

37

who was JAMES WATT?

-steam engine